December 2014

Archive

Special Report: Plant Design, Engineering and Construction

Improve execution of capital projects with advanced technologies
Avidan, A. A., Bechtel Corp.

The E&C industry is now poised for a major leap forward in utilizing advancements in information technologies and, thus, enabling itself to greatly boost project performance.

Replan: Modernizing Brazil’s largest crude oil refinery
Perissé, J. B., Petrobras

The project included installing two hydrodesulfurization (HDS) units for the cracked naphtha produced by two catalytic cracking units, a coker naphtha hydrotreating (HDT) unit, and a catalytic reforming unit.

3D laser scanning impacts asset lifecycle management
Farrow, G., LFM Software Ltd.

Few technologies have leaped from research lab to everyday use quite as rapidly as 3D laser scanning. Only a few years ago, this technology was a prototype method that captured fuzzy images of plant e..

Mexico’s major grassroots effort: Ethylene XXI project
Nogarin, M., Contributing Writer

The federal government, through Pemex Gas and Petroquímica Básica, using the law that regulates Mexican oil, decided to promote private investment to build a new major petrochemical complex called Ethylene XXI.

Experience meets innovation: World-class coke drum replacement project
Chevron Corp., Nooter Construction, HP Editorial Staff

Six large coke drums at Chevron’s El Segundo refinery, which supplies 20% of Southern California’s vehicle fuel, were showing signs of aging after 46 years in service.

Successful project development and execution: Beyond EPC to ‘T-EPC’
Shahani, G., Linde Engineering North America, Inc.; Rentschler, C., Linde Engineering North America

North America is in the middle of a petrochemical renaissance due to the shale gas tsunami. While this new development is most prevalent in North America, similar trends are expected to develop in oth..

HPI Focus: Top HPI Projects

Editors’/Readers’ Choice 2014
Romanow, Stephany, DuBose, Ben, Blume, Adrienne, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

According to Hydrocarbon Processing’s Construction Boxscore Database, over $1.143 trillion in announced global projects are at various stages of development. Using the Boxscore Database, HP editors identified 12 projects that will have the highest impact to the global or regional downstream industry. HP readers voted online to select the top project in each category.

Project Management

How to select compressors for various process services
Geitner, F. K., Consultant; Bloch, H. P., Professional engineer

Every style or type of compressor was developed to serve a particular process purpose. Collective references have devoted hundreds of thousands of pages on this topic. Two books have attempted to summ..

Columns

HP Automation Strategies: Embedded virtualization in process automation systems
Forbes, H., ARC Advisory Group

An earlier ARC Advisory Group column dealt with server-level virtualization in Collaborative Process Automation Systems (CPAS), the company’s process automation system model. Here, we will addres..

HP Boxscore Construction Analysis: 2014 global construction year in review: 72% growth in new projects
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

According to Hydrocarbon Processing’s Construction Boxscore Database, new project announcements have climbed to over 500 in 2014. This represents a 72% increase in new project announcements over ..

HP Engineering Case Histories: Case 82: Be cautious when purchasing ‘first of kind’ equipment
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

What is the definition of “first of kind” when discussing equipment and products? The definition used in this editorial is the “first built for your company,” and it can often have..

HP Gas Processing: Rocking the LNG boat: FLNG projects get liquefaction off the ground
Blume, Adrienne, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Floating LNG (FLNG) projects have been receiving much attention recently as a flexible, alternative solution to onshore LNG projects. A review of major planned and under-construction floating liquefaction projects shows how the technology is gaining ground around the world.

HP Petrochemicals: Polyolefin producers may reap benefits from lower oil prices
DuBose, Ben, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

With lower energy costs boosting discretionary income, those petrochemical producers focusing on plastics could soon find a holiday bonus in the form of increased demand for their products.

HP Reliability: Trends from Texas A&M’s 43rd Turbomachinery and 30th Pump Symposia
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Many HP readers are very familiar with the Texas A&M Turbomachinery (TAMU Turbo) and Pump Symposia events. The Houston-based 2014 forum, held Sept. 21–25, set new records in both attendance and n..

HP Viewpoint: US shale revolution set to spill over into downstream
England, J., Deloitte LLP; Mittal, A., Deloitte Services LP

The US shale boom is rapidly changing from an upstream story to a broader energy evolution with increased margins migrating to midstream and, more particularly, to downstream. In downstream oil, disco..

HP Forecast: 2015 downstream forecast reaches all-time high
Romanow, Stephany, DuBose, Ben, Blume, Adrienne, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In 2015, the HPI’s capital, maintenance and operating budgets are expected to exceed $324 B. Global announced project spending continues to surge to satisfy increasing demand for petroleum products.

Free Literature
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Instruments for process recording and control ABB’s Measurement Products business offers a 24-page brochure detailing the company’s comprehensive range of recording and controlling instrumen..

New Developments
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Alloy increases lifetime of thermowell tips used in petrochemical processKanthal APMT alloy for high-temperature constructions has been successfully tested for use as thermowell tips in the petrochemi..

HP Industry Metrics

Oil prices continued their downward plunge throughout October and into early November. The decline is due to bearish market fundamentals accompanied by a strong US dollar. Saudi Arabia is not expected..

HP Industry Perspectives: Oil price—How low can it go?
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Oil price volatility returned with a vengeance in October amid worries of slower economic growth, weakening oil demand, an unexpected increase in Libya’s output, and an indication by Saudi Arabia..

HP Innovations
Blume, Adrienne, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

ALL offers seven-crane packageThe ALL family of companies has expanded its fleet of all-terrain and hydraulic truck cranes with the addition of seven new Grove machines. With varying sizes and capacit..

HP News

DOE study examines impacts of US LNG exports The US Department of Energy’s office of Fossil Energy (DOE/FE) recently completed a study on the impact of exporting LNG on the US energy market. Ther..

HP People

The supervisory board of BASF SE appointed Sanjeev Gandhi to the board of executive directors, effective Dec. 1. Previously, he was head of BASF’s Intermediates division since 2010 and a senior v..

Misc

Globally, the HPI is building new capacity
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The HPI continues to expand to meet increasing demand for energy, transportation fuels, and petrochemical-based consumer products. As confirmed by HP’s HPI Market Data 2015 forecast, numerous construction projects are under various stages of development for the refining, petrochemical and gas processing/LNG industries.

Monitor safety with improved risk performance indicators
Fisher, P., ACM Facility Safety

Using Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) and real-time operational data, statistical estimates of the frequencies of future hazardous events can be generated. Combined with a qualitative estimate of the severity of hazardous events and the tolerable frequency determined in the LOPA, an objective leading metric of hazardous events can be created.

Manage hydrogen sulfide hazards with chemical scavengers
Kenreck, G., GE Water & Process Technologies

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and its associated hazards are well known in the oil and gas production and refining industries. Legislation has been in place for years, imposing strict regulations on H2S leve..

Update on control and safety systems for turbomachinery
Staroselsky, S., Compressor Controls Corp.; Jacobson, W., McWhirter, J., Compressor Controls

All plant workers want to reduce the safety risk associated with turbomachinery operation while avoiding nuisance trips. The goal is to run machines in an efficient manner. In this context, safety ris..