November 2014

Archive

Special Report: Plant Safety and Environment

Heater training improves safety and operations
Baukal, C., Luginbill, R., John Zink Co. LLC; Basquez, D., Baker, M., HollyFrontier

As a part of an initiative to conserve energy and other valuable resources, an independent petroleum refiner began a two-year training program in the summer of 2013 for more than 900 operators at six ..

Environmental regulations: How much do they really cost?
Allen, K., Kleinfelder

Processors should instead grasp some understanding of the costs and benefits by asking themselves: “How much will these changes really cost, and what’s in it for me?”

Consider true zero-emission packing for reciprocating compressors
Lindner-Silwester, T., HOERBIGER Kompressortechnik Holding GmbH

Especially when handling hydrogen, reciprocating compressors must provide ruggedness, operating flexibility and energy efficiency at pressures up to 3,000 psi (200 bar).

An examination of three recent accidents in the downstream industry
Jones, J. C., School of Engineering, University of Aberdeen

With these accidents, has refining internationally fallen sub-standard in terms of safety? Such a question is likely best addressed by examining the existing HPI standard.

Design a safe hazardous materials warehouse
Benintendi, R., Foster Wheeler Energy Ltd.; Round, S., Foster Wheeler

The safe warehousing of hazardous chemicals is a design challenge in chemical and petrochemical projects. A methodology is provided for designing a safe warehouse, and a case study shows the high level of analysis and integration required.

Maintenance and Reliability

Is your plant vulnerable to a brittle fracture?
Macejko, B., The Equity Engineering Group, Inc.

Much of the process equipment operating today was designed to construction codes that did not require a formal evaluation for low-temperature considerations. Metal temperature highly influences the fr..

Petrochemicals

Optimize olefins and aromatics production
Dean, C., High Olefins FCC Technology Services, LLC; Letzsch, W. S., Technip Stone & Webster Process Technology

Petrochemical yields from the FCCU is an area of increasing interest as more companies try to integrate refining and petrochemical operations.

Refining Developments

Manage the impacts of high-solids crude oil more effectively
Longtin, D., Hoffman, G., Baker Hughes

Solids in crude oils present refiners with many challenges. Processing higher-solids-content crude oils increases the need for the management of such solids even more. The Canadian Association of Petr..

Columns

HP Reliability: Can integrally geared compressors be successfully used with variable speeds?
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

A recent HP webinar answered a number of compressor-related questions. This same webinar also generated a few additional ones. A viewer thought that two statements from this presentation were in contr..

HP Automation Strategies: Virtualization in process automation systems
Forbes, H., ARC Advisory Group

Virtualization involves separating an information technology (IT) resource from specific physical hardware. This is usually managed by a specialized software layer called a hypervisor, which provides ..

HP Global: European refining—Cornered, with no way out?
Gelder, A., Wood Mackenzie

2013 was a dismal year for European refining in terms of record low crude runs, which reflect weaked demand outlook and increasing competition from other regions. Out to 2020, we envisage European ref..

HP Automation Safety: It is easier to sit on the couch than go exercise
Goble, W., exida LLC

I like a routine each morning where I get up early and work on long-term projects—important tasks that lack the urgency of a short deadline, like reading that new safety critical systems book, wr..

HP Boxscore Construction Analysis: Vietnam: Reversing the tide of refined imports
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Vietnam is developing six large-scale refinery projects with the potential to add 1.36 MMbpd of new domestic refining capacity at a total cost of over $50 B. This would reverse the country’s status from a net importer of refined products to a net exporter by 2020.

HP Industry Perspectives: Cyber bullies continue to be a menace
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Cyber security is still a critical issue that the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) must address. Speaking at the American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers Q&A and Technology forum in Denver, ..

HP News

EPA: GHG emissions from refineries increase 1.6% in 2013The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has released its fourth year of GHG data, with over 8,000 large facilities reporting 2013 emissions..

HP Industry Metrics

Mid–October crude oil prices slumped as the International Energy Agency (IEA) announced a slight increase in global oil demand by 700 Mbpd. In contrast, oil production is forecast to increase by ..

HP Innovations
Blume, Adrienne, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Software helps optimize energy performanceIn November, Yokogawa Electric Corp. is releasing Energy Performance Analytics (EP-Analytics), a software tool (Fig. 1) that uses energy performance indicator..

HP People

Willbros Group has announced that Robert R. Harl, who joined Willbros in 2006 and has served as CEO of the company since January 2007, is retiring as CEO and director when his current employment agree..

New Developments
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Strip chart recorders with SD card slot for electronic data recording Yokogawa Electric Corp. has added an SD card slot to its μR10000/μR20000 series strip chart recorders, enabling the..

Free Literature
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

All-digital online standard product catalog  Gems Sensors & Controls’ (Gems’) fully digital ‟living” online standard product catalog (www.GemsSensors.com) is said to be the o..

Misc

Wanted: Future leaders
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) has known for some time that a great shift change is eminent. The experienced engineers, chemists and crafts hired in the 1970s and 1980s are reaching retirem..