September 2014

Special Report: Refining Developments

Hydrogen perspectives for 21st century refineries

As refining market trends continue to support increased demand for H2, its availability and cost are critical for many refiners, creating a tough environment for securing reliable, efficient and environmentally-friendly H2.

Farnand, S., Li, J., Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.; Ratan, S., Technip Stone & Webster Process Technology

The growth market for transportation fuels is shifting from mature economies to developing and emerging nations, particularly in China and India. These developing regions, however, often suffer from limited domestic oil and gas availability, high energy costs, questionable power grid reliability, and potential water scarcity. Today, highly complex deep-conversion refineries face the challenging task of improving hydro-processing intensity and residue upgrading while processing increasingly lower-quality crudes under more stringent fuel specifications. Therefore, it is exceedingly important for 21st century refiners to manage hydrogen (H2), power, water and carbon effectively and economically

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