April 2016

Archive

Special Report: Petrochemical Developments

Petrochemical value chain analysis reveals downstream opportunities for Qatar
Elgozali, A., Gulf Organization for Industrial Consulting (GOIC)

The existing petrochemical value chains in Qatar are analyzed in this article to identify the potential downstream industry opportunities.

Small-scale coal-to-chemicals can revitalize India’s petrochemicals industry, economy—Part 1
Paluskar, P. V., Sakthivel, S., Marve, M., TATA Consulting Engineers Ltd.

Contemporary routes to the production of polymers usually involve setting up world-scale ethylene crackers with typical capacities of 0.7 MMtpy–1.5 MMtpy.

HPI Focus: Iran Petrochemicals

Strategic assessment of the Iranian petrochemical industry

The recent agreement between Iran and the international community represents clear opportunities and challenges for petrochemical producers.

Environment and Safety

Innovative design configurations for flare system reliability
Suares, D. A. G., Fluor Daniel India Pvt. Ltd.

The function of a flare system in a refinery or chemical plant is to collect gases released during an overpressure scenario, typically resulting from a plant upset.

Heat Transfer

Calculate thermal growth of a fractionation tower for piping engineering
Darji, P., Chaube, N., Dave, N., L&T-Chiyoda Ltd.

The fractionation tower/column is common processing equipment in the petroleum refinery and chemical industry.

Process Engineering and Optimization

Visbreaking technology: Is it obsolete, or is there potential for upgrade?
Kumar, P., Rao, P. V. C., Choudary, N. V., Sriganesh, G., Singh, P., Kumar, K. M., Hindustan Petroleum Corp. Ltd. (HPCL)

Visbreaking technology is a well-known, simple thermal cracking process for residual oils.

In-depth and preemptive front-end planning yields positive project results
Henre, C., Satterfield, R., Burns & McDonnell; Garris, J., Coffeyville Resources Refining & Marketing LLC

Despite the challenges that major projects can present (short deadlines, budget constraints and overruns, unforeseen problems onsite and tension throughout executive teams), they can also prove to be a win-win for both the owner and the engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) firm.

Rotating Equipment

Design a pressure safety valve at the centrifugal pump discharge
Kadam, N., Daelim Industrial Co. Ltd.

In most process plants, it is unusual to install a pressure safety valve (PSV) to centrifugal pump and compressor discharge, but some PSVs are needed and are installed to protect the system against miscellaneous scenarios that could create overpressure in the system.

Columns

Editorial Comment: Despite uncertainty, global petrochemical capacity continues to rise
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Over the past several years, the world has witnessed the announcement of a massive amount of new petrochemical capacity.

Reliability: Transform ODR-OPPM into a worthwhile initiative
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

ODR, which stands for operator-driven reliability, has recently morphed into a new arrangement of letters: OPPM.

Codes and Standards: How much fireproofing do we need?
Murti, D. G., The Augustus Group

This article is the first under the Codes and Standards series. The purpose of this series is to make readers aware of code requirements, the interpretations and the limitations as they stand today, and what engineers can do as an alternative engineering. This series is based on the actual implementation of what is narrated and the satisfactory experiences drawn.

Engineering Practices: How a full-service R&D laboratory can help your company
Daruwalla, D., Southwest Research Institute

To survive and stay competitive in the rapidly changing, technology-driven hydrocarbon processing and petrochemical fields, companies must stay ahead of their research and development (R&D) needs.

Viewpoint: Pave the way to safer, more productive plants with the IIoT
Calder, B., HP Editorial Staff

The next generation of manufacturing will be driven by connectivity. It is happening today in modern plants: the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is enabling manufacturers to embed physical objects with the capacity to both communicate with and sense the world around them.

Industry Perspectives: Saudis seek industry unity in support of fossil fuels

When Ali bin Ibrahim Al-Naimi agreed to speak at IHS CERAWeek in February, the expectation was for the Saudi oil minister to defend his country’s energy policies, possibly creating a regional divide at the annual Houston conference.

Business Trends: Global petrochemical overview—Part 1
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

This series examines the global petrochemical landscape, new project developments and regional outlooks.

Industry Metrics
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

US product markets weakened despite strong domestic gasoline demand.

Global Project Data
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

This month’s installment of Global Project Data focuses on the global petrochemical sector.

Innovations

PKN Orlen seeks refinery energy efficiency solutionPKN Orlen has selected six solutions best designed to improve a refinery's energy efficiency.

People
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Marathon Petroleum Corp. has named Gary Heminger, the company's president and CEO, to succeed Thomas Usher as chairman of the board, in addition to his current duties.