April 2016

Special Report: Petrochemical Developments

Small-scale coal-to-chemicals can revitalize India’s petrochemicals industry, economy—Part 1

Contemporary routes to the production of polymers usually involve setting up world-scale ethylene crackers with typical capacities of 0.7 MMtpy–1.5 MMtpy.

Paluskar, P. V., Sakthivel, S., Marve, M., TATA Consulting Engineers Ltd.

Contemporary routes to the production of polymers usually involve setting up world-scale ethylene crackers with typical capacities of 0.7 MMtpy–1.5 MMtpy. Given the high volumes, these plants also entail several downstream chemical production facilities, such as: polyethylene, polypropylene, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and mono-ethylene glycol (MEG), thus making them large petrochemical complexes. Their inherently large size, enormous complexity, high capital investment and associated project risks preempt them from being suitable for relatively smaller-volume, fit-for-purpose chemicals targeting regional demands. Moreover, from an Indian perspective, ethylene crackers rely on fossil feedstock

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