July 2017


Special Focus: Refinery of the Future

Enhanced flash zone design for coker fractionators

Since the flash zone is the first process undergone by the coke drum effluent vapor upon entering the column, the operation of the flash zone is critical to the operation of the entire coker fractionator column.

Design and troubleshoot the orifice chamber in an FCCU

The fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) process remains one of the most important secondary conversion processes due to its inherent capability to upgrade residual streams and its flexibility to maximize the desired product, depending on market dynamics.

Process Engineering

Develop reactor internals for optimizing reactor design: High-performance vapor-liquid distributor
Ahn, E. S., Park, S. I., Song, I. C., Kim, G. B., Chang, G. S., GS Engineering and Construction

Vapor-liquid distributors are a crucial element of reactor internals for maximizing catalyst utilization of fixed-bed reactors.

Application of hydroconversion process to field upgraders
Lai, H., Abbott, B., Genoil Inc.

With increasing global demand in the energy sector, heavy and extra-heavy oils and bitumen have attracted extensive attention, despite depressed oil pricing.

Hydrocarbon Processing Awards

Hydrocarbon Processing Awards

The 2017 Hydrocarbon Processing Awards honored the leading technologies in the downstream hydrocarbon processing industries, as well as outstanding personal contributions to the industry.

Environment and Safety

Could your facility benefit from a marine terminal assessment?
Blundell, R., Carmagen Engineering, Inc.

How sure would a terminal manager at a distribution terminal, or a line manager at a refinery or a chemical plant that has marine loading and unloading docks, be that those docks are being operated at a level that ensures long-term safe performance?

Bonus Report: LNG

Monetize coal seam gas via LNG with optimized treating and liquefaction processes
Mokhatab, S., Consultant; Towler, B. F., University of Queensland

Coal seam gas (CSG) has been established as a viable source of natural gas. The monetization of CSG resources through LNG projects experienced rapid expansion in recent years as a result of increasing LNG prices.

Fluid Flow and Rotating Equipment

Analyze the startup vibration of hot pumps to prevent trips
Thomas, J., Abu Dhabi Oil Refining Co. (TAKREER)

Online monitoring and diagnostic systems are used by petrochemical plants and refineries worldwide for their critical machinery monitoring capabilities.

Upgrade process compressors to enhance production

Centrifugal compressors are production-critical equipment in refineries, petrochemical plants, and offshore oil and gas production facilities.


Editorial Comment: Honoring the industry's best and View/Alt-View
Nichols, Lee, Andrew, Bob, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

This issue of Hydrocarbon Processing contains two features that are new to the publication. The first feature showcases the winners and finalists of Hydrocarbon Processing’s Awards program, which was held in Vienna in June. The other is a new segment called View/Alt-View.

Reliability: Consider best available resources for reciprocating compressors
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Whether it is compressor selection, upgrading, routine maintenance, major maintenance, failure avoidance or failure analysis: Realize that the reciprocating compressor procurement and improvement options available today are surprisingly advantageous compared to the options of 30 yr ago.

Refining: Fuel processing vs. imports in East Africa: Will new refinery plans be realized?
Oirere, S., Contributing Editor

Many analysts believe that Africa will remain a net importer of petroleum products for the foreseeable future. However, a few countries in the region have plans in place to build new refineries.

Engineering Case Histories: Case 97—Beware of confirmation bias in industry
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

The term confirmation bias recently came up in a book I was reading,1 and it was then that I realized how relevant it was to engineering.

Digital: Industrial data is a gold mine—Building a sustainable system of success
Golightly, R., AspenTech

According to Dr. William Edwards Deming, engineer, statistician, professor, author, lecturer and management consultant, “Without data, you are just another person with an opinion.”

Viewpoint: The future of India’s refining capacity and the rise of clean fuels
Kanwar, R., Contributing Writer; Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

India is emerging as the world’s new oil demand center, with burgeoning consumption providing huge potential for downstream oil and gas growth. With a GDP ranked in the top 10 globally and a large, growing population, India has seen continuous increases in demand for energy in all forms.

View/Alt-View: Giving voice to alternative views
Campos, J., Opportune LLP; Andrew, Bob, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Our publication often features a Viewpoint column, an executive-level short opinion piece that usually focuses on the author’s sector of the hydrocarbon processing industry. This month, we are featuring two columns back-to-back, presenting alternative views on a single topic. We use the word “alternative” deliberately—rather than “opposing”—as we wish to highlight views that present legitimately different perspectives.

Industry Perspectives: Hydrocarbon Processing brings IRPC to the US
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Founded in 2009, Gulf Publishing Company and Hydrocarbon Processing’s International Refining and Petrochemical Conference (IRPC) provides a series of events for the international downstream industry covering technical innovations, and exploring both the challenges and opportunities found in today’s market.

Business Trends: Innovative commissioning and startup technologies for industrial projects
Choi, J. O., University of Nevada; O'Connor, J. T., University of Texas; Winkler, M., Delta Air Lines

The performance of capital project facility commissioning, startup and initial operations often falls short of expectations, and the opportunity for innovative commissioning and startup technologies has yet to be discussed extensively.

Industry Metrics
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

US gasoline crack spreads continued to rally, but were offset by supply-side pressure as higher refinery runs contributed to increased inventories.

Global Project Data
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The map shows a global market share analysis of new projects over the past three years. Since 2016, the Asia-Pacific region has accounted for the highest market share of newly announced projects.

Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

John Flannery, the President and CEO of GE Healthcare, has been named CEO of the company, effective August 1, and Chairman and CEO effective in January 2018. Jeff Immelt, Chairman and CEO, will remain Chairman of the Board through his retirement at the end of the year.