Special Focus: Fluid flow and rotating equipment

High-pressure water pump mechanical seal failure investigation

To mitigate leakage, mechanical seals are one of the most critical components for centrifugal pumps.

Six considerations for turbomachinery control upgrades
Egbuna, C., Rockwell Automation

Increasing competitive pressures in process industries, including oil and gas, are driving dramatic changes in the operational needs of process plants, utilities and pipelines.

Ensure a truly rigorous relief valve sizing method
Guner, U., Bryan Research & Engineering, Inc.

Pressure relief valves (PRVs) protect equipment from excessive overpressure and, in case of emergency situations, they should ensure a sufficient discharge of mass to reduce the pressure below the recommended pressure limits.

Process Optimization

Stability analysis of debutanizer columns with hot-vap or bypass pressure control
Nagpal, S., IHS Markit

A debutanizer column was experiencing unstable operation, with frequent pressure swings and product composition fluctuations from the column overheads system.

Process Control and Instrumentation

Online monitoring of H2O using tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy
Engelhart, W. G., SpectraSensors; Spencer, B., Enterprise Products Co.; Beitel, D., Davis & Davis Co.

Raw wellhead natural gas is a complex mixture of methane (CH4), hydrocarbon condensates, natural gas liquids (NGL), water, contaminants, hydrogen sulfide (H2S), carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen, mercury and other compounds.

Adapting instrumentation to the needs of refineries
Carlson, D., Cychosz, D., Emerson Automation Solutions

Oil refineries provide a smorgasbord of challenging applications for instrumentation engineers and technicians.

Environment and Safety

Selecting flare gas recovery system for a greenfield refinery
Chaudhuri, S., Sengupta, S., Fluor Daniel India Pvt. Ltd.

Overall energy management and operational conservation have become crucial factors for profitability in today’s refining segment.

Maintenance and Reliability

Attaining TCO nirvana with outcome-based services
Linton, S., Honeywell Process Solutions

The industrial manufacturing sector is grappling with an unprecedented number of challenges.

Water Management

Impact of opportunity crudes on refinery desalter and wastewater treatment performance—Part 1
Basu, S., Headworks Intl.

Refiners are becoming increasingly dependent on opportunity crudes to stay competitive and enhance margins in the industry’s present uncertain state.

Options for meeting wastewater effluent selenium limits
Gerhardt, M., Steinwinder, T., Brown and Caldwell

Wastewater treatment units (WWTUs) in petroleum refineries are designed to meet effluent limitations incorporated into National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits for “conventional pollutants.”


Editorial Comment: Celebrating the latest advancements in HPI technology
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

At the end of this month, Hydrocarbon Processing will honor the latest technological advances in the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) at an awards gala.

Reliability: Better pumps and seals for HF service
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In mid-2017, we received a well-written request from a young reliability engineer.

Engineering Case Histories: Case 102—Use caution when specifying a safe hydrotesting distance
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

Hydrotesting is performed on piping and vessels to verify their integrity.

Digital: Improve chemical production with the IoT

If chemical companies want to remain competitive and move forward in a changing world, they must rapidly adopt innovative technologies.

Industry Forecast: MCAA market forecast projects industry to hit $16 B by 2022
Rasmusson, P., Global Automation Research LLC

The 2017 process instrumentation and automation (PI&A) market in the US, valued at $13.4 B, is projected to grow 3.7% by 2022 to a total of $16 B.

Viewpoint: The need for change—Why the industry is looking at crude-to-chemicals
Birdsall, C., ExxonMobil

As the world’s population increases and living standards continue to improve, the demand for energy and chemicals is stronger than ever before.

Industry Perspectives: The latest advancements in refining/petrochemical technologies on display
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

From September 25–26, Hydrocarbon Processing will bring its International Refining and Petrochemical Conference (IRPC) back to the US.

Business Trends: A strategic energy solution
Giglio, R., Foster Wheeler

Refining is the process of separating crude oil into different hydrocarbon groups through distillation.

Industry Metrics
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

With the exception of fuel oil, US product markets showed losses against pressure from across the barrel and high crude oil prices.

Global Project Data
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

According to Hydrocarbon Processing’s Construction Boxscore Database, nearly 150 new projects have been announced in the downstream processing industries this year.

Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Carboline has released Carboquick® 200, a high-build, one-coat, quick-drying polyaspartic coating that can be applied directly to metal.

HP Crossword

Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Elliott Group has appointed Mark Babyak as VP of its cryodynamic products business, formerly the cryodynamics division of Ebara Intl. Corp.