August 2018

Trends & Resources

Business Trends: A strategic energy solution

Refining is the process of separating crude oil into different hydrocarbon groups through distillation.

Giglio, R., Foster Wheeler

Refining is the process of separating crude oil into different hydrocarbon groups through distillation. Atmospheric distillation is used to produce fuels such as propane, gasoline and diesel, based on market demand. The heavy crude residual or “bottoms” produced by atmospheric distillation are further separated into light fractions using vacuum (low-pressure) distillation. The vacuum residual produced by vacuum distillation is long-carbon-chain residual oil that is thermally heated or “cracked” to produce short-chain molecular-weight hydrocarbon gases, naphtha and light oils products, as well as a residual solid product known as petroleum coke. Refineries configured with a delayed coking (D

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