July 2018


Special Focus: Refinery of the future

Digitalization for the refinery and plant of the future
Agnihotri, R., IBM Corp.

Hydrocarbon Processing Industry (HPI) companies are using digitalization in concert with improved processes and skills to squeeze more productivity from existing assets.

What are the financial savings from a refinery cybersecurity program?
Ayral, T., Honeywell Process Solutions; Fligner, M., Liberty International Underwriters

Recently, the authors developed a first-pass financial estimate of the savings resulting from the implementation of a cybersecurity program for a 100-Mbpd refinery.

Develop competence in the process industry with a digitalized operator learning path

Industrial digitalization is changing the standards for operator training in the global process industry.

Process Optimization

Manage contaminants in amine treating units—Part 2: Rich amine filtration, inlet separation and amine foaming
Engel, D., Nexo Solutions; Northrop, P. S., ExxonMobil Upstream Research Co.

The installation and operation of suitable separation and filtration systems have become key components of virtually all process units, especially amine units.


Better practices for tank overfill prevention
Blundell, R., Carmagen Engineering, Inc.

The 2005 Buncefield and 2009 CAPECO terminal explosions are two of the most significant storage tank incidents in history.

Bonus Report: LNG Technology

Decline in LNG contract lengths and volumes raises future supply concerns
Feer, J., Poten & Partners

A dramatic acceleration of a trend toward smaller volumes and shorter tenures for LNG contracts in 2017 highlights the growing commoditization of the global LNG market, even as it raises troubling questions about future supply.

Liquefaction technology selection for baseload LNG plants
Mokhatab, S., Consultant; Messersmith, D., Bechtel Corp.

As global liquefied natural gas (LNG) trade continues to rapidly expand, the challenge of liquefaction process selection—a key element of an LNG project—becomes increasingly important.

Selecting amines for AGR facilities impacts LNG plant capacity
Hwang K., Zachry Engineering Corp.

Alkanolamines have been used for acid gas removal from natural gas for several decades.

How APM in LNG operations can lower TCO and boost ROI

As the world’s hydrocarbon appetite continues its rapid turn toward lighter fare (e.g., natural gas for power generation, transportation and industry), massive, near-term investments in global, capital-intensive, fully digitalized LNG infrastructure are needed.

Indian LNG—The creation of a natural gas importing powerhouse
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

According to the International Group of LNG Importers (GIIGNL) publication, “The LNG industry: GIIGNL annual report 2018,” global LNG trade has increased from approximately 264 MMtpy in 2016 to nearly 290 MMtpy in 2017.


Industrial IoT technologies are revolutionizing oil and gas supply chains
Harrison S., dominionRED

Over the past few decades, the world has seen a surge in demand for oil and gas, and global markets have responded to meet these growing energy needs.

Improving certainty in uncertain times by building an IIoT-ready plant
Shamsi, M., Emerson Automation Solutions

Historical statistics indicate that 25% of projects have budget overruns and a further 50% have schedule slippage.

Environment and Safety

No excuse for cutting corners on monitoring corrosion
Yule, P., Cosasco

Corrosion is a major challenge and risk to contain for any oil and gas operator.

Upgrade the ALARP model as a holistic approach to project risk and decision management: A case stud
Benintendi, R., De Mare, G., Nesticó, A., University of Salerno

A previous article1 outlined the extended approach of the ALARP (as low as reasonably practicable) approach to the direction of the lifecycle project risk management and decision-making process.

A brief guide to fire zone analysis
Kadam N., IBI Chematur Engineering

Every process plant has a dedicated disposal system to ensure that gases from equipment, instruments and pressure safety valves are flared to follow environmental norms for the gases vented to the atmosphere from the flare stack.

Industry Perspectives
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In the June issue of Hydrocarbon Processing, the Industry Perspectives section detailed the increase in new project announcements in the downstream processing sector.

Business Trends
Aglave, R., Siemens PLM Software; Defilippo, A., Mcguffie, S., Porter McGuffie Inc.

It is never a good sign when a piece of equipment exhibits unsafe behaviors—such as large, unexpected vibrations, or cracks forming around instrument ports—particularly in the thermal reactor of a sulfur plant, where high-temperature gaseous streams chemically react as part of the process that produces elemental sulfur.

Industry Metrics
Mike Rhodes, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In the US, improved domestic gasoline demand and tighter middle distillate and fuel oil markets drove refinery margins to a new all-time high, and Atlantic Basin product markets saw gains across the barrel.

Global Project Data
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Hydrocarbon Processing’s Construction Boxscore Database is tracking more than 1,600 projects around the world, representing more than $1.8 T in capital expenditures.

HP Crossword

HP Crossword

Mike Rhodes, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Honeywell has named John Gugel as President of Honeywell UOP.


Editorial Comment
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In early June, Hydrocarbon Processing and Eni—an Italian multinational oil and gas company—hosted the annual International Refining and Petrochemical Conference (IRPC) in Milan, Italy.

Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

With certain turbocompressor designs having changed as manufacturers and user-clients constantly push to increase output and efficiency, it pays to know if—and how—high-performance couplings (HPCs) have kept pace.

Beck, R., AspenTech

The impact of digital transformation on the LNG value chain is an area of active discussion and urgency.

Murray, P., Petrotechnics North America

Today’s digital innovation is reshaping industries, disrupting business models and operating practices, and transforming business ecosystems.

Goble, W., exida LLC

Unfortunately, nation states appear to be launching cybersecurity attacks on other nation states.

Karp, R., Bentley Systems

Toyo Engineering (Toyo) was awarded a contract to deliver a large-scale steam cracker complex in Malaysia.

Valves Outlook
William S. Sandler, Valve Manufacturers Association

Although overall industry growth is not substantial from 2017 to 2018, it translates to $66 MM more in valve shipments for the year, which is a positive sign for the industry.