September 2018

Archive

Special Focus: Refining Technology

Additive solutions to SOx emissions in FCCUs
Genç, M., Dalgıç, E., Karani, U., Emiroglu, I., Er, I., Gul, A., Avcilar, S., TÜPRAŞ; Ventham, T., Johnson Matthey Process Technologies

Sulfur oxide additives are typically based on hydrotalcite or magnesium aluminate spinel-type structures. Magnesium alumina is the pickup agent present in the most effective SOx additives on the market; therefore, to optimize SOx reduction, it is critical to maximize the amount of the critical magnesium component in the fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) in an efficient and cost-effective way.

Technical considerations for the Heydar Aliyev refinery revamp
Alkhasli, E., SOCAR Turkey Enerji; Baerends, M., Baars, F., Fluor Energy and Chemicals; Khidirov, B., SOCAR; Asgar-zadeh, S., Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences

The following case study describes the early development phases of SOCAR’s ongoing major revamp project at the Heydar Aliyev Refinery (HAR) in Baku, Azerbaijan, and its interface with the associated Azerikimya (AZK) steam cracking complex near Sumgait. References are made to the related SOCAR polymer project in Sumgayit, as well.

Reduce dry gas and coke with a more flexible FCC technology
Gong, J., Xu, Y., Zhang, J., Chang, X., Wei, X., Tang, J., SINOPEC Research Institute of Petroleum Processing (RIPP)

To meet increasingly stringent specifications for cleaner gasoline and to produce more clean fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) naphtha with lower olefins, a novel FCC technologya for maximizing isoparaffins was developed in the late 1990s. The technology’s principal is based on the formation and conversion of olefins in two different reaction zones.

A game-changing approach to furnace safeguarding
Mickity, D., Phillips 66

This work is a follow-up article to “Automate furnace controls to improve safety and energy efficiency,” which was published in the June 2014 edition of Hydrocarbon Processing.

Viva Energy’s Geelong refinery reduces FCCU turnaround risk
Blaser, P., Pendergrass, J., CPFD LLC; Gabites, J., Brooke, A., Viva Energy Australia

Change involves risk. Many fluidized catalytic cracking units (FCCUs) can be operated more profitably, but changes to achieve more efficient operations can be risky.

Maintenance and Reliability

Getting onboard with modernization
Robling, D., Schneider Electric

While electrical equipment typically has a lengthy lifespan, it is not meant to last, or be relevant, forever.

Corrosion impact of the mixture of butanol-blended gasoline

The role of octane boosters on the corrosivity of petroleum products for gasoline/diesel engines has attracted more attention in the auto fuel market due to the depletion of fossil fuels in the world’s feedstock.

Coupling maintenance strategies for critical equipment
Del Campo, J., Regal Beloit

Unplanned outages due to mechanical failures can cost millions of dollars of lost production time for oil and gas companies.

Process Optimization

Find the best aromatics extraction system for industrial applications
Chou, C., GTC Technology US, LLC

Aromatics are fundamental petrochemical compounds used as raw materials to manufacture hundreds of polymers, solvents and additives; these, in turn, are used to make consumable products that people use every day.

Heat Transfer

Understand the installation of steam tracing for long-term application success—Part 1
Hannah, C. C., Perry, T. W., QMax Industries Inc.

One of the most misunderstood and misused components of conductive steam tracing systems is heat transfer compound (HTC).

Environment and Safety

Process safety as a profit center?
Scott, M., Schuler, T., aeSolutions

In today’s economic environment, new capital spending is harder to find than loose change buried under the couch cushions.

Tackle safety and environmental challenges for storage tank operators
Gudelek, V., ERGIL

Recent storage tank and industrial plant explosions around the world bring into focus the importance of engineering and building standards.

40 CFR Part 63: Three possible solutions, one balanced choice
Crossland, B., Emerson Automation Solutions

By January 30, 2019, the 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart CC rule by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires petroleum refinery owners or operators of flares used as control devices for emissions points to meet the requirements of §63.670, regardless of the construction date of the flare.

Water Management

Impact of opportunity crudes on refinery desalter and wastewater treatment performance—Part 2
Basu, S., Headworks Intl.

Refiners are becoming increasingly dependent on opportunity crudes to stay competitive and support margins in the industry’s present uncertain state.

Columns

Editorial Comment: The reemergence of a collaborative platform
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Readers have witnessed that throughout the life of the publication, Hydrocarbon Processing has always published information on new technologies to increase efficiency, safety and profitability in downstream processing operations, while introducing techniques to decrease environmental footprint and emissions and produce high-quality, clean fuels and petroleum products for consumers around the world.

Reliability: How application engineers add value
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Making the vendor-manufacturer your technology provider has been our consistent advice to the user industries; we have recommended this highly effective approach for many decades.

Refining: Chinese refining industry eyes production cuts, consolidation
Gerden, E., Contributing Writer

The Chinese refining industry is on the verge of massive production cuts and consolidation. A new tax rule aimed at curbing alleged tax evasion by independents and the end of an era of liberalization in the industry are driving the downsizing.

Associations: Taking on the challenges facing the fuels and petrochemicals industries

The American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) is made up of more than 60,000 members from more than 110 countries.

Digital: Riding the digital transformation wave
Beck, R., AspenTech

For refiners, the future is full of uncertainty. Due to market forces—e.g., the macroeconomics of oil and gas supply and demand, the increasing demand for petrochemicals and new marine low-sulfur fuel requirements—organizations are faced with many business challenges that require increasingly flexible operations.

Software: Operations intelligence software for real-time visibility
Pawlewitz, J., Siemens

The tiny company town of Sinclair sits in south-central Wyoming.

Viewpoint: Oil and gas downstream looks to digitalization for sustained excellence
Routt, M., KBC Advanced Technologies, Inc.

The combination of US tax reforms and changes to global bunker fuel specifications in 2020 as part of the International Maritime Organization’s (IMO’s) new regulations are set to turn the US oil and gas downstream into a cash cow.

Industry Perspectives: Refining’s real growth is through secondary unit capacity
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

According to multiple industry reports, the global refining sector will add between 7 MMbpd and 8 MMbpd of new crude distillation unit (CDU) capacity by the early 2020s.

Business Trends: Understanding the viewpoints that shape the ever-evolving base oil landscape
Walko, T., ExxonMobil

In April, ExxonMobil launched its 2018 Basestocks Industry Pulse Report.

Industry Metrics
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

US margins recorded losses as crack spreads declined for all products except fuel oil, despite lower refinery crude intakes.

Global Project Data
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

According to Hydrocarbon Processing’s Construction Boxscore Database, there are nearly 470 active refining projects around the globe.

Innovations
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

HP Crossword

HP Crossword

People
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

BCCK Holding Co. (BCCK) has appointed Bob Swann as Director of project management and controls.