December 2019

IMO 2020

Refinery residue and bitumen upgrading: Gasification

Gasifiers take the bottom of the crude barrel and move the residue into the C1 value chain. Refiners have had a variable record of running gasifiers for a time and then shutting them down. Reasons for this include inexperience with gasifier operations, lack of knowledge on how to extract profits from the C1 value chain and market difficulties in catering to clients operating in different business environments.

Gasifiers take the bottom of the crude barrel and move the residue into the C1 value chain. Refiners have had a variable record of running gasifiers for a time and then shutting them down. Reasons for this include inexperience with gasifier operations, lack of knowledge on how to extract profits from the C1 value chain and market difficulties in catering to clients operating in different business environments. MARPOL Annex VI mandates a global cap of 0.5 wt% sulfur in marine fuels beginning January 1, 2020. The present global cap is 3.5 wt% sulfur. Many of the coastal areas around the world already have Sulfur Emission Containment Areas (SECAs) that mandate sulfur levels of 0.1 wt%. These

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