July 2019

Archive

Special Focus: The Digital Refinery

Advanced crude management by NIR spectroscopy combined with topology modeling
Lambert, D., Saint-Martin, C., Benkhelil, K., Ribero, B., Topnir Systems Co.; Valleur, M., Val Innovation

Crude characterization is critical for refinery optimization.

To reduce security vulnerabilities in downstream facilities, try unikernels
Eyberg, I., NanoVMs

Unfortunately, but unsurprisingly, oil and gas facilities have joined financial, government, hospitality and other companies as tempting targets for cybercriminals.

Catalysts

Next-generation catalyst improves reliability of LPG mercaptan extraction
Ahmed, S., Motiva Enterprises; Mulvaney, W., Nair, M., Rios, R., Honeywell UOP

For decades, sulfur reduction processes have been an integral part of refinery operations.

FCC metal trap additives to process more residue

Most refiners frequently need metal trapping or bottoms cracking additives for residue operations.

Sustainability

Electric vehicles are coming, but their impact will be evolutionary, not revolutionary
George, S., Routt, M., KBC Advanced Technologies, Inc.

Alternatively fueled vehicles (AFVs) are getting plenty of press these days, but their market penetration is still a long way from critical mass.

The greening of the downstream industry: A carbon investment case for clean refining
Fonda, M., Meridian Energy Group

Hydrocarbon Processing was pleased to speak recently with Mark Fonda, Executive Vice President, Engineering and Chief Technical Officer for Meridian Energy Group, which is building two grassroots refineries in the US.

Adapting and prospering in the energy transition
Hasegawa, K., Shire, T., Yokogawa Corp. of America

The energy transition is gathering momentum as pressure from society leads policy makers and investors to demand faster and deeper cuts to carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from all industrial sectors.

The Industrial Internet of Things

An evolving approach to digitalization
Wyatt, T., Fleissman, R., Emerson Automation Solutions

Much has been written in recent years about the need for refineries to embrace the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT).

Drive IIoT success with advanced analytics
Zinsli, J., Seeq

Refineries, petrochemical and other process plants face similar challenges in daily operations, as each facility must mitigate risk, anticipate maintenance, optimize operations and minimize operational expenses.

Valves, Pumps and Turbomachinery

Intensive study on damaged wear rings of centrifugal pumps—Part 1

This article is based on damaged wear rings from centrifugal pump applications.

Measure and predict torsional vibration in rotating equipment
Pettinato, B., Wang, Q., Elliott Group

Excessive torsional vibration in rotating equipment trains can result in damage to, or failure of, equipment, leading to emergency shutdowns and costly downtime.

Environment and Safety

Support robust process safety management platforms with less reliance on incident investigations
Caudill, J., Contributing Writer

Accepting that incidents are inevitable can be considered a form of institutionalized normalization of deviance.

Clearing the way for China’s petrochemical growth: Efficient catalytic VOC emissions control
Cullen, G., Cotter, T., Clariant

The growth of China’s chemical industry over the past 30 yr has been truly astonishing.

Water Management

Minimize energy consumption in water treatment with forward osmosis technology—Part 1
Attarde, D., Das, A. K., Racha, S. M., Ghosh, S., Reliance Industries Ltd.

Heavy industries like refining, petrochemicals and mining have concerns about the availability of fresh water, as these are affected by local water scarcities and stringent water discharge regulations.

Columns

Editorial Comment: Embracing uncertainty for a better tomorrow
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The downstream processing industry is changing.

Reliability: Where to place a constant level lubricator
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

No substitute exists for following the laws of physics, hydraulics and plain common sense when dealing with machinery.

Environment: Everything you want to know about IMO 2020 but are afraid to ask
Barsamian, A., Refinery Automation Institute, LLC

IMO 2020 is posing big questions about significant issues, and clear answers are proving difficult to find.

Viewpoint: Asset performance management: Into a new era of organizational memory
Stuart, J., Lloyd's Register

It is often said that knowledge is power. But in high-risk sectors, such as the marine and oil and gas industries, knowledge is fundamental to even more important things: safety and reliability.

Digital: The pathway to digitalization value delivery
Micklem, D., KBC, a Yokogawa Company

It seems that all software initiatives in the energy and chemical industries are now tagged with the name “digitalization.”

Digital: Reliability and safety—two sides of the same coin
Madsen, K., Petasense

Digitalization is pervasive in today’s hydrocarbon processing industry.

Industry Perspectives: The topics our readers want most
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In the June issue of Hydrocarbon Processing, the editors asked our global readership what topics they would like the publication to focus on more in the future.

Business Trends: US RPET and sustainability goals—a reality check
Bermish, M., Wood Mackenzie

Three primary drivers exist for recycling polyethylene terephalate (PET) bottles.

Industry Metrics
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

US refinery intake was affected by heavy rain, floods and tornadoes in the Midwest, contributing to inventory drawdowns and supporting the jet/kerosene and diesel markets.

Global Project Data
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Hydrocarbon Processing’s Construction Boxscore Database is tracking more than 1,300 projects around the world.

Construction
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Anadarko Petroleum Corp. has reached a full agreement with CCS JV, a JV between Chiyoda, McDermott and Saipem, for the development of its Mozambique Area 1 LNG terminal.

Onsite
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Peter Vanacker, President and CEO, Neste, opened IRPC EurAsia in Helsinki. His presentation focused on energy transformation through renewables and sustainability.

Innovations
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

To test developments of pumps and systems under even more realistic conditions, LEWA has inaugurated a specially developed container test bench that will be used for experiments with hot or explosive fluids.

People
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Arja Talakar has been appointed CEO of Siemens Oil & Gas. He will be based in Houston, Texas, the global headquarters for Oil & Gas and its parent operating company, Siemens Gas and Power.