April 2020

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Safety: Where foresight replaces hindsight: How AI impacts the future of oil and gas safety

According to the International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (IOGP), there were 31 fatal incidents across the industry in 2018.

Stewart, H., Advisian Digital, part of the Worley Group; Aitken, C., SaltGrid

According to the International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (IOGP), there were 31 fatal incidents across the industry in 2018. This result was down only slightly from 33 the year before—a startlingly small improvement, given that preventing major accidents, injuries to people and hydrocarbon releases are top priorities across the energy industry.

Thanks to enhancements in technology, safety management in the sector has undoubtedly and steadily improved. Traditional methods of capturing and handling safety information have become more efficient, helping keep people and assets safer.

However, what if the future allows us to take the entire industry a step further? Widespread adoption of artificial intelligence (AI) promises to transform safety management in oil and gas. An opportunity exists for the sector to shift safety management from a backwards-looking discipline to being able to predict likely events. What does that mean, not only for the industry but for the safety manager role of tomorrow?

Safety management today

Safety management has always been a discipline of continuous improvement. Each gain brings the industry closer to an operating environment with less risk.

It can also be a discipline of creativity and detective work. After all, identifying repeat patterns associated with incidents in the face of indecipherable handwritten or weather-beaten reports from colleagues is no easy feat. Digitalization has improved data-capture systems, but the analysis is still predominantly a time-consuming task fraught with human bias.

Enter AI

The next generation of digital safety systems promises to deliver more than just information about past incidents that have occurred. Instead, it is now possible to analyze historical patterns to identify the nature and timing of future events.

A predictive analytics platforma has been built to do just this. A cloud-based platform, it applies AI to health, safety and environmental (HSE) data to predict the number, types and timing of incidents likely to occur in the future.

Using safety data, the system is also designed to quickly—and without bias—recognize patterns and relationships that standard business intelligence does not. Predictive platforms have the potential to shift the time and effort of safety professionals from administrative tasks—such as manipulating and analyzing incident, near-miss and leading indicator data—to building programs based on what is likely to happen next. This opens the role of safety management to a whole new future.

Foresight in safety management

Far from reducing or diminishing jobs, AI has the potential to widen the scope of a safety manager, adding an opportunity to focus on creativity and problem-solving.

AI-driven platforms could free up considerable time for safety professionals by automating the gathering, cleansing, manipulation and analysis of data. That time could be spent looking at the specifics of a project, asset or facility, and considering: How do I apply my safety expertise based on what these machine-generated insights are telling me? What can I do to change the predicted outcome?

AI can put these decision-making pinch points in the forefront, moving the focus more toward proactive, specific action at a project, asset or facility level. This focus means that future mitigating measures can be highly targeted and efficient.

For example, the impact of weather conditions on a day-to-day basis is one area for data-driven improvement. Teams can be alerted to changes in the safety environment created by changes in temperature, wind or precipitation, by cross-matching this with incidents experienced across historical combinations of asset, activity and conditions.

By using historical data around incident patterns, mitigation measures can be put in place early, further reducing risk.

A lesson learned is a lesson shared

With less focus on administration and more time to focus on pre-empting, the safety manager of the future will need to be prepared to take a truly collaborative and transparent approach to safety. Continuously drawing on lessons learned, and actively sharing experiences with industry peers will become the norm, benefiting everyone working in the sector.

One of the visions, and even requirements, of predictive AI platforms, is increased industry collaboration around data sharing. Anonymized data offers the opportunity to truly automate the lesson-learning process between companies and across multiple verticals.

While energy companies remain competitive with one another, safety is one area of ongoing cooperation. To a large degree, this reflects inherent, shared risk and the recognition that everyone has a part to play in reducing the risk to people, assets and the environment.

Creating a safer world

With the introduction of AI into the process, the future promises to be more data-driven, more creative and, most importantly, safer than ever before. HP

NOTES

      a Refers to SaltGrid and Advisian Digital’s SaltGrid predictive analytics software platform

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