November 2020

Heat Transfer

Fired heaters in the process industries: Optimizing operations and minimizing emissions

The process industries, which include chemicals, metals and mining, oil and gas, petrochemicals, pulp and paper, and refining, are very energy intensive

Finnan, K., Meyer, E., Yokogawa Corp. of America

The process industries, which include chemicals, metals and mining, oil and gas, petrochemicals, pulp and paper, and refining, are very energy intensive. In these industries, fired assets are the largest energy consumers and represent a tremendous opportunity for energy savings. Often referred to as a boiler or furnace, a fired heater is a heat exchanger that transfers heat from fuel combustion to process fluids. In refineries, the most energy intensive fired assets are thermal cracking furnaces, alkylation units, catalytic reformer units, catalytic hydrocracking heaters and steam methane reformers. Fired assets have potential for improvement in many areas such as safety, energy efficiency,

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