October 2021

Archive

Special Focus: Plant Safety and Environment

Enhance aromatics production with concurrent reduction of environmental footprint—Part 1

Catalytic reforming processes produce olefin contaminants in aromatics streams via paraffin dehydrogenation side reactions.

CO2 emissions reduction via a pinch study in a vacuum distillation unit

The project detailed here was carried out on a vacuum distillation unit (VDU) in the TÜPRAŞ İzmir refinery.

Are furnace emissions proving to be your Achilles heel?
Singh, S., Mukherjee, R., Engineers India Ltd.

Furnaces, or fired heaters, provide the source of heat required for major industrial processes.

Diagnostics tools and techniques for large-scale operating fluidized beds
Jordan, S., Jazayeri, B., Contributing Editor

Intrusive and non-intrusive diagnostic tools and techniques for fluidized bed reactors are discussed here, with a focus on chemical synthesis catalytic reactions.

Sustainability

Rigorous modeling of CO2 absorbers using potassium carbonate solutions
Ha, H. Z., Fluor Canada Ltd.; Mathias, P. M., Fluor Corp.

As part of the global campaign to reduce CO2 emissions, carbon capture and reduction are receiving increased attention from a variety of process industries, especially power generation and oil and gas exploration and production.

Hydrogen

Monitoring hydrogen plant performance—Part 1
Ramakumar, K. R., Johnson Matthey Process Technologies

Process monitoring is an indispensable practice to keep track of key performance indicators (KPIs) of the hydrogen (H2) plant.

HP Awards

Hydrocarbon Processing 2021 Awards FINALISTS
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Hydrocarbon Processing, the downstream processing sector’s leading technical publication for nearly 100 yr, has announced the finalists for its fifth annual HP Awards, which celebrate innovative technologies and people that have been instrumental in improving facility operations over the past year.

Engineering and Construction

Materials management: Data-centric execution to enhance organizational productivity—Part 1
Wyss, S., Bechtel Corp.

As a veteran of many capital projects once observed, “All projects execute materials management—those that do so without a plan and the appropriate resources just do it very poorly.”

Heat Transfer

CCR heater convection section bottom tubesheet design improvements
Kulkarni, M., BASF; Subrahmanyam, M., Technip Energies

Continuous catalytic reforming (CCR) is a general reforming process used in the petroleum refining industry.

Water Management

Advanced methods for controlling boiler tube corrosion and fouling—Part 1
Kraetsch, K., Buecker, B., ChemTreat, Inc.

Many heavy industrial plants, such as refineries and petrochemical facilities, require steam for numerous processes, including powering turbines, providing energy for a variety of unit operations and even heating buildings in some locations.

Valves, Pumps and Turbomachinery

Pump recycle line optimization and energy savings

The objective of this article is to demonstrate the benefits of optimizing the pumping system through pump recycle line evaluations.

Air-to-air pneumatic booster fail-safe system for valves
Aguirre, M., Cowan Dynamics

In pneumatic valve automation systems, it is common to hear the following terms for valve positions: “fail open (FO),” “fail close (FC)” and “fail last (FL)”.

Redundant control pilot valve system adds reliability in downstream operation
Boltniew, G., Emerson

In downstream processing facilities, such as refineries and chemical plants, downtime is a significant source of lost revenue.

Columns

Editorial Comment: HP announces 2021 Top Projects award nominees
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

For the past several years, Hydrocarbon Processing has recognized the top refining and petrochemical projects of the year.

Reliability: Update your pump and mechanical seal specifications
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

A professionally presented course in pump fundamentals caught our eye recently.

Engineering Case Histories: Case 114: A local flooding event at a plant site
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

During a heavy rainstorm, flooding occurred at a plant location that had never before flooded.

Valves: Protect safety valves using rupture discs
Lloyd, C., REMBE GmbH Safety + Control

For many years, emissions were an unavoidable consequence of industrial development.

Digital: Hybrid modeling: Unlocking the value of data for oil industry assets
Eide, E., Kongsberg Digital

We live in a world increasingly driven by data scenarios for advanced analytics, predictive modeling and machine learning (ML), but how reliable is this for large oil and gas assets where safety and reliability are of paramount importance?

Cybersecruity: How HPI companies can protect against ransomware and other cyber threats
Parsons, M., Corso, R., Sungard Availability Services

Ransomware has become an epidemic, and critical infrastructure is in the crosshairs.

Industry Perspectives
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

On October 28, Hydrocarbon Processing will announce the winners of the 2021 HP Awards during a virtual streaming event.

Business Trends: How to achieve industrial autonomy in the refining and petrochemical industries
Millette, P., Honeywell Process Solutions

The process industries are moving from automated to autonomous operations.

People
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Orbital Energy Group appoints The Honorable La Doris Harris as Chief Diversity Officer and CEO of Orbital Solar Services