June 2022


Special Focus: Process Optimization

Xylene-loop scheme for minimized GHG emissions and PX production cost

Molecular management, energy efficiency and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions have become major focuses for petrochemical complexes, including aromatics plants.

Investigations of high pressure drop observed in ASU columns
Xu, F.-J., Zhou, F.-H., Cao, Z.-M., China National Air Separation Engineering Co.; Yang, Q., Zuber, L., Sulzer Chemtech Ltd.; Dong, J.-J., Sulzer Chemtech China

The measured pressure drop of columns in air separation units (ASUs) is often reported as being higher than the predicted pressure drop.

Advanced cleaner technology: Leveraging tailored solutions for reliability goals
Hannon, J., ExxonMobil Fuels and Lubricants

Operators at refineries, petrochemical plants and power generation companies are under constant pressure to reduce maintenance and operational costs, boost productivity, minimize risk of unplanned outages and maximize time between overhaul periods.


Hydroprocessing catalyst selection—Part 2: Considerations and best practices for catalyst testing
Pongboot, N., Global R&D; Upienpong, T., Karunkeyoon, W., PTT Global Chemical

Hydroprocessing catalysts are an essential part of the refinery involved in the treatment/conversion of most petroleum fractions, ranging from naphtha to residue.

Plant Design, Engineering, Construction and Commissioning

Overcome inflation and supply chain issues in construction
Rentschler, C., Al Bassami Industries; Parmar, A., MilliporeSigma, a Merck KGaA Company; Shahani, G., Independent Consultant

Inflation and supply chain disruptions are not new to the construction industry, but the severe combination of these factors and the rapid pace of change driven by the COVID-19 pandemic are unprecedented.

Maintenance and Reliability

Prevent corrosion failures at each stage of design, construction and normal operation
Park, G. W., Kuwait Oil Co.

Each year, significant economic losses due to corrosion failures occur in the refining and petrochemical industries; unfortunately, many of these losses could have been prevented.

100th Anniversary

History of the HPI: The 1970s: Crises, clean air, plastic bottles and the DCS
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The 1970s were marked by several historical events that affected not only the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) but nations around the world.

HP Flashback: Excerpts from the 1970s: Maintenance, optimization, safety and digital technologies
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Maintenance, optimization, safety and digital technologies

Industry Pioneers: Catalysts, polymer processing technology, synthetic lube oils, control systems
Sharma, Sumedha, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Catalysts, polymer processing technology, synthetic lube oils, control systems

Carbon Capture/CO2 Mitigation

Overview of decarbonization pathways for the oil and gas and petrochemical industries—Part 2
Buehler, J., Petrogenium, Buehler Consulting

This article is the continuation of an article detailing the seven pathways to decarbonizing the oil and gas and petrochemical industries. Part 1, published in the May issue of Hydrocarbon Processing, covered sustainability and reviewed the following three pathways: green and blue hydrogen (H2); biofuels, renewable fuels and e-fuels; and the circular carbon cycle.

Biofuels, Alternative/Renewable Fuels

Sophisticated analytics build sustainability for renewable diesel projects
Berutti, M., Emerson Automation Solutions

Anyone studying the development of the hydrocarbon processing industry over the last century will likely admire how far technologies have advanced, particularly considering the tools that were available in the industry’s early years.

Heat Transfer

Uncommon lessons: Shell-and-tube heat exchangers—Part 2
Daru, K., Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.; Panchal, A., Independent Consultant; Gala, P., Reliance Industries Ltd.

Shell-and-tube heat exchangers (STHEs) are the most common heat transfer process equipment in all types of industrial plants.


Editorial Comment
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) is filled with unique and innovative people that stive to provide technologies, processes and services to better the industry in which they work.

Reliability: Screw compressor volume control options
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

During their careers, most rotating machinery experts have dealt with the selection of advanced screw compressors.

Supply Chain: Strategic cost management: Uncover supply chain inefficiencies
Long, P., Opportune LLP

Controlling costs is critical for any energy company. Firms may spend to grow through acquisition, develop new business, gain market share or invest in new opportunities.

Process Control, Instrumentation and Automation: Distillation column DCS control configuration
Friedman, Y. Z., Petrocontrol

Is there a consensus about a distillation column distributed control system (DCS) control strategy? Much has been written about this topic, covering configuration possibilities, constraints and interacting control considerations.

Industry Perspectives: Hydrocarbon Processing’s Mid-Year Update webcast to be held in late June
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Over the past several years, the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) has been engaged in a whirlwind of peaks and valleys.

Business Trends: The acceleration of industrial autonomy and its impact on sustainable manufacturing
Finnan, K., Yokogawa

In 2020, the author’s company published the results of a survey that highlighted a significant shift to industrial autonomy, with as many as 89% of companies planning to increase the level of autonomy in their operations.

Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In a continued effort to serve the corrosion industry, Carboline has launched CarboNext, a program to educate, connect, support and engage with the next generation of engineers and professionals.

Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

S&B names Valerie Carlson as CFO