http://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com Hydrocarbon Processing Overview of decarbonization pathways for the oil and gas and petrochemical industries—Part 1 https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/special-focus-biofuels-alternative-fuels-and-green-petrochemicals/overview-of-decarbonization-pathways-for-the-oil-and-gas-and-petrochemical-industries-part-1 This two-part article will cover the seven pathways to decarbonizing the oil and gas and petrochemical industries. MVR compressor key to steam energy upgrade at Terneuzen polyolefin plant https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/special-focus-biofuels-alternative-fuels-and-green-petrochemicals/mvr-compressor-key-to-steam-energy-upgrade-at-terneuzen-polyolefin-plant Reducing energy costs and creating more sustainable local energy sources are common challenges across many industry sectors. Quickly screen catalysts for hydrotreating of vegetable oil using high-throughput micro-pilot plants https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/special-focus-biofuels-alternative-fuels-and-green-petrochemicals/quickly-screen-catalysts-for-hydrotreating-of-vegetable-oil-using-high-throughput-micro-pilot-plants Accurate catalyst evaluation is an important step in optimizing catalytic processes with respect to product yield, energy efficiency and overall product quality. CO<sub>2</sub> energy recycling approach in the petrochemical industries https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/special-focus-biofuels-alternative-fuels-and-green-petrochemicals/cosub2sub-energy-recycling-approach-in-the-petrochemical-industries Many industrial processes can generate carbon dioxide from fossil fuels. Recently, these processes have contributed to an average annual release of more than 30 Btpy of carbon dioxide into the environment. Save energy and reduce CO<sub>2</sub> emissions with closed-loop optimization of utilities networks https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/digital-technology/save-energy-and-reduce-cosub2sub-emissions-with-closed-loop-optimization-of-utilities-networks Oil and gas, petrochemical and chemical companies face the difficult challenge of maximizing profitability while achieving aggressive decarbonization objectives set for 2030 and beyond. CO<sub>2</sub> compressor technology for a decarbonized energy economy https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/carbon-capturecosub2sub-mitigation/cosub2sub-compressor-technology-for-a-decarbonized-energy-economy Due to the potential of hydrogen in the context of developing a decarbonized energy infrastructure, technologies for efficiently producing, transporting, storing and utilizing it have attracted significant investment. Assessment protocol for nozzle loads on pressure vessels https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/process-optimization/assessment-protocol-for-nozzle-loads-on-pressure-vessels From a historical perspective, the traditional approach to deal with “unknown magnitude of nozzle loads” can be summarized here. Sensitivity analysis of a plug flow reactor https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/process-optimization/sensitivity-analysis-of-a-plug-flow-reactor A sensitivity analysis study evaluates uncertainties in a model’s output based on the changes in the input parameters of the model. Hydroprocessing catalyst selection—Part 1: Planning and selecting the catalyst evaluation method https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/catalysts/hydroprocessing-catalyst-selection-part-1-planning-and-selecting-the-catalyst-evaluation-method Hydroprocessing catalysts are an essential part of any refinery involved in the treatment/conversion of most petroleum fractions ranging from naphtha to residue. History of the HPI: The 1960s: Synthetic oils, zeolite catalysts, LLDPE, OPEC and and creation of the PLC https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/100th-anniversary/history-of-the-hpi-the-1960s-synthetic-oils-zeolite-catalysts-lldpe-opec-and-and-creation-of-the-plc During the 1960s, the global refining and petrochemical industries witnessed new processes and products that enhanced the daily lives of millions of people around the world. HP Flashback: Excerpts from the 1960s: Petrochemicals rise in prominence and new know-how in refining processes https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/100th-anniversary/hp-flashback-excerpts-from-the-1960s-petrochemicals-rise-in-prominence-and-new-know-how-in-refining-processes Petrochemicals rise in prominence and new know-how in refining processes Sustainable refinery of the future: Versatile, efficient and smart https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/sustainability/sustainable-refinery-of-the-future-versatile-efficient-and-smart Greenhouse gas emissions occur alongside an inflection point for global refined product consumption. Since the 1850s—when the first oil refineries were constructed—the world has changed dramatically as refined product demand has continued inexorably upward. Managing complexity in engineering and construction projects https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/plant-turnarounds-and-project-management/managing-complexity-in-engineering-and-construction-projects It is widely accepted that new management methods are needed to curb the frequent delays and cost overruns observed in engineering and construction projects. Considerations for not providing a dedicated spare pressure-relief device https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/valves-pumps-and-turbomachinery/considerations-for-not-providing-a-dedicated-spare-pressure-relief-device Pressure-relief devices play a critical role in the hydrocarbon processing industry. Preferential baffle reboiler—Part 2 https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/heat-transfer/preferential-baffle-reboiler-part-2 Distillation towers consume ~30% of the energy in a refinery or petrochemical facility. The reboiler is the stomach of the distillation tower that consumes the energy to separate the components. Bringing treatments to a boil https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/water-management/bringing-treatments-to-a-boil The function of a boiler is simple. It boils water to produce steam, which, in turn, provides energy. Editorial Comment: Pathways towards a more sustainable HPI https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/columns/editorial-comment-pathways-towards-a-more-sustainable-hpi Among the dominant, far-reaching themes within the global refining and petrochemicals industries are the increase in biofeedstocks processing to produce biofuels and greener petrochemicals, the continued push towards clean fuels production, regulations and initiatives to adhere to net-zero emissions targets, and a surge in capital investments to build renewables and sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) plants. Reliability: Consider packaged twin-screw compressors https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/columns/reliability-consider-packaged-twin-screw-compressors Compressors are widely used in the process industries to move fluids and gases within and outside the boundary of a process. Circular Economy: Innovative recycling, driving circularity while decarbonizing the petrochemical industry https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/columns/circular-economy-innovative-recycling-driving-circularity-while-decarbonizing-the-petrochemical-industry Plastic pollution’s environmental challenges, as well as new government legislation, are having a significant impact on the plastics industry. Executive Viewpoint: Maire Tecnimont and the second wave of the circular economy https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/columns/executive-viewpoint-maire-tecnimont-and-the-second-wave-of-the-circular-economy The circular economy has already entered the public’s consciousness, and consumers are increasingly aware of the urgent need to recycle plastic, with the practice becoming more widespread than ever. Industry Perspectives: Calling for papers on the global hydrogen sector https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/trends-and-resources/industry-perspectives-calling-for-papers-on-the-global-hydrogen-sector In January 2021, Gulf Energy Information—publisher of Hydrocarbon Processing and Gas Processing and LNG—launched H2Tech. This technical publication focuses on the latest technologies, trends, capital investments and know-how that are shaping the global hydrogen market. Business Trends: Insights from the <i>2020 Worldwide Fuels Refinery Performance Analysis</i> https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/trends-and-resources/business-trends-insights-from-the-i2020-worldwide-fuels-refinery-performance-analysisi The author’s company recently completed its data analysis for the 2020 Worldwide Fuels Refinery Performance Analysis (Fuels Study). People https://hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2022/may-2022/trends-and-resources/people Daniel Kohl joins Opportune LLP as Co-Head and Managing Director of firm’s investment banking practice