Hydrocarbon Processing Bringing treatments to a boil The function of a boiler is simple. It boils water to produce steam, which, in turn, provides energy. Considerations for not providing a dedicated spare pressure-relief device Pressure-relief devices play a critical role in the hydrocarbon processing industry. Managing complexity in engineering and construction projects It is widely accepted that new management methods are needed to curb the frequent delays and cost overruns observed in engineering and construction projects. Assessment protocol for nozzle loads on pressure vessels From a historical perspective, the traditional approach to deal with “unknown magnitude of nozzle loads” can be summarized here. Save energy and reduce CO<sub>2</sub> emissions with closed-loop optimization of utilities networks Oil and gas, petrochemical and chemical companies face the difficult challenge of maximizing profitability while achieving aggressive decarbonization objectives set for 2030 and beyond. HP Flashback: Excerpts from the 1960s: Petrochemicals rise in prominence and new know-how in refining processes Petrochemicals rise in prominence and new know-how in refining processes History of the HPI: The 1960s: Synthetic oils, zeolite catalysts, LLDPE, OPEC and and creation of the PLC During the 1960s, the global refining and petrochemical industries witnessed new processes and products that enhanced the daily lives of millions of people around the world. Overview of decarbonization pathways for the oil and gas and petrochemical industries—Part 1 This two-part article will cover the seven pathways to decarbonizing the oil and gas and petrochemical industries. Reliability: Consider packaged twin-screw compressors Compressors are widely used in the process industries to move fluids and gases within and outside the boundary of a process. Mechanical impact of rerating process equipment Process equipment operating in a brownfield environment is often rerated pertaining to the changes in process parameters during debottlenecking.