Hydrocarbon Processing Sustainable refinery of the future: Versatile, efficient and smart Greenhouse gas emissions occur alongside an inflection point for global refined product consumption. Since the 1850s—when the first oil refineries were constructed—the world has changed dramatically as refined product demand has continued inexorably upward. HP Flashback: Excerpts from the 1960s: Petrochemicals rise in prominence and new know-how in refining processes Petrochemicals rise in prominence and new know-how in refining processes History of the HPI: The 1960s: Synthetic oils, zeolite catalysts, LLDPE, OPEC and and creation of the PLC During the 1960s, the global refining and petrochemical industries witnessed new processes and products that enhanced the daily lives of millions of people around the world. Industry Pioneers: Cracking technology, catalysts, polymers and zeolites Donald Campbell, Eger Murphree, Homer Martin and Charles Tyson—often called the ‘Four Horsemen’—are credited with the landmark invention of fluid catalytic cracking (FCC). HP Flashback: Excerpts from the 1950s: Capacity expands after WW2 and technologies and maintenance mature The following is a mixture of technical articles, columns and headlines published in the 1950s by Petroleum Refiner, the forerunner to Hydrocarbon Processing. History of the HPI: The 1950s: Capacity expansion, HDPE/PP, polycarbonate, computers and rocket science The 1950s marked an evolution in the use of oil by nations around the world. Rotating equipment oil systems optimization guideline The industry is moving away from oil shaft seals and hydraulic speed control for turbines to advanced alternatives. History of the HPI: The 1940s: Global conflict, FCC, 100 octane, synthetic rubber—Wartime necessitates advancing technologies Hydrocarbon Processing continues its look at the history of the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI). HP Flashback: Operations expand and technologies advance during global conflict: Excerpts from the 1940s This articles details several case studies on the use of x-ray technology for inspection purposes. This includes for the inspection of casings, forgings and welded structures, among others. Industry Pioneers: Polymer science, catalytic cracking, petrochemicals and EPC Waldo Semon was an American chemist whose detour with assigned laboratory research at B. F. Goodrich led to the development of vinyl—the second best-selling plastic in the world.