http://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com Hydrocarbon Processing Business Trends: Crude-to-chemicals—An opportunity or threat? https://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2019/september-2019/trends-resources/business-trends-crude-to-chemicals-an-opportunity-or-threat For most oil refiners and chemical producers, the need to improve margins and remain competitive has never been greater. International action can scale up hydrogen as a key part of a secure energy future https://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com/news/2019/06/international-action-can-scale-up-hydrogen-as-a-key-part-of-a-secure-energy-future The world has an important opportunity to tap into hydrogen’s vast potential to become a critical part of a more sustainable and secure energy future, the International Energy Agency said in a major new report. Raman spectroscopy for the optimization of hydrogen usage in refineries https://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2019/june-2019/process-control-and-instrumentation/raman-spectroscopy-for-the-optimization-of-hydrogen-usage-in-refineries Approximately 700 refineries are in operation worldwide, producing a range of petroleum products including gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, liquified petroleum gas (LPG) and fuel oils. Case study for a high-performing refinery loss control program https://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2019/may-2019/process-optimization/case-study-for-a-high-performing-refinery-loss-control-program Most refineries have some sort of mass balance and loss control program in place for accounting, planning and scheduling, as well as for financial and operational evaluation purposes. Develop reactor internals for optimizing reactor design - Part 2: High-performance mixing chamber https://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2019/april-2019/process-engineering/develop-reactor-internals-for-optimizing-reactor-design-part-2-high-performance-mixing-chamber Most hydroprocessing reactors are fixed-bed reactors comprising several catalyst beds that are divided by quench zones containing mixing chambers that introduce a vapor-quenching medium. Reduce dry gas and coke with a more flexible FCC technology https://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2018/september-2018/special-focus-refining-technology/reduce-dry-gas-and-coke-with-a-more-flexible-fcc-technology To meet increasingly stringent specifications for cleaner gasoline and to produce more clean fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) naphtha with lower olefins, a novel FCC technologya for maximizing isoparaffins was developed in the late 1990s. The technology’s principal is based on the formation and conversion of olefins in two different reaction zones. <i>Hydrocarbon Processing</i> Awards https://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2018/august-2018/ihydrocarbon-processingi-awards/ihydrocarbon-processingi-awards Hydrocarbon Processing, the downstream processing sector’s leading technical publication, has announced the finalists for its second annual awards. Upgrading the bottom of the barrel https://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2018/march-2018/special-focus-clean-fuels/upgrading-the-bottom-of-the-barrel In the past few decades, new technologies, including both carbon rejection methods and catalytic conversion methods, have emerged. Dynamic simulation of integrated syngas, O2 and steam networks for a gasification complex—Part 1 https://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2018/february-2018/process-optimization/dynamic-simulation-of-integrated-syngas-o2-and-steam-networks-for-a-gasification-complex-part-1 Reliance Industries Ltd. (RIL) operates the world’s largest refinery complex, with a combined crude processing capacity of 1.24 MMbpd that is split between two refineries: a Domestic Tariff Area (DTA) refinery and a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) refinery in Jamnagar, India. Advancing export terminal technology: An optimized process for the refrigeration of cryogenic hydrocarbons https://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2018/january-2018/process-optimization/advancing-export-terminal-technology-an-optimized-process-for-the-refrigeration-of-cryogenic-hydrocarbons Ethane production in North America (NA) has expanded dramatically with the onset of shale production and associated hydraulic fracturing. Ethane concentrations in fractured shale gas are typically 10% or higher vs. a traditional range of 4%–7% in associated gas.