http://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com Hydrocarbon Processing A dynamic 1D model for accelerated reactor cooling https://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2019/october-2019/process-optimization/a-dynamic-1d-model-for-accelerated-reactor-cooling Refinery hydrofining units must undergo planned and emergency shutdowns for catalyst changeover. <i>Hydrocarbon Processing</i> Awards https://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2019/september-2019/ihydrocarbon-processingi-awards/ihydrocarbon-processingi-awards Hydrocarbon Processing, the downstream processing sector’s leading technical publication, has announced the finalists for its third annual awards. Refinery revamp opportunities with welded plate heat exchangers https://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2019/august-2019/heat-transfer/refinery-revamp-opportunities-with-welded-plate-heat-exchangers The plate-and-shell (PandS) heat exchanger has three significant advantages over the shell-and-tube (SandT) type traditionally used in refinery processes. An evolving approach to digitalization https://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2019/july-2019/the-industrial-internet-of-things/an-evolving-approach-to-digitalization Much has been written in recent years about the need for refineries to embrace the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT). Adapting and prospering in the energy transition https://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2019/july-2019/sustainability/adapting-and-prospering-in-the-energy-transition The energy transition is gathering momentum as pressure from society leads policy makers and investors to demand faster and deeper cuts to carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from all industrial sectors. FCC metal trap additives to process more residue https://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2019/july-2019/catalysts/fcc-metal-trap-additives-to-process-more-residue Most refiners frequently need metal trapping or bottoms cracking additives for residue operations. Next-generation catalyst improves reliability of LPG mercaptan extraction https://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2019/july-2019/catalysts/next-generation-catalyst-improves-reliability-of-lpg-mercaptan-extraction For decades, sulfur reduction processes have been an integral part of refinery operations. To reduce security vulnerabilities in downstream facilities, try unikernels https://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2019/july-2019/special-focus-the-digital-refinery/to-reduce-security-vulnerabilities-in-downstream-facilities-try-unikernels Unfortunately, but unsurprisingly, oil and gas facilities have joined financial, government, hospitality and other companies as tempting targets for cybercriminals. Can nuclear power plant methodologies help improve hydrocarbon processing reliability?—Part 2 https://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2019/june-2019/environment-and-safety/can-nuclear-power-plant-methodologies-help-improve-hydrocarbon-processing-reliability-part-2 Safety requirements within nuclear power plants (NPPs) have encouraged the development of several rigorous methodologies that, in turn, have stimulated excellence in operability, reliability, availability and maintenance (RAM) to the extent that numerous guides and standards now regulate that industry. Raman spectroscopy for the optimization of hydrogen usage in refineries https://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com/magazine/2019/june-2019/process-control-and-instrumentation/raman-spectroscopy-for-the-optimization-of-hydrogen-usage-in-refineries Approximately 700 refineries are in operation worldwide, producing a range of petroleum products including gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, liquified petroleum gas (LPG) and fuel oils.