2016

Engineering and Construction

Ensure cost-effective revamps and retrofits with a streamlined engineering process

Over the last several years, major changes have occurred in the US refining industry. More than 100 refineries have been closed due to their inability to meet required clean-fuel mandates.

Over the last several years, major changes have occurred in the US refining industry. More than 100 refineries have been closed due to their inability to meet required clean-fuel mandates. Also, low-sulfur gasoline requirements have reduced refiners’ ability to make gasoline.1 Low-sulfur diesel and, ultimately, ultra-low-sulfur diesel (ULSD) mandates further reduced the number of refiners capable of producing those fuels.2 No new refineries have been built in the US in more than 40 years. As a result, domestic refining capacity has increased by more than 90% of the nameplate capacity of the remaining refineries. This has resulted in major fuel cost spikes when one or more of these refinerie

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