Consider integrated ethanol-to-EO/EG processes

Schneider, R., Scientific Design Co.; Goyal, S., The Scientific Design Company, Inc.

Ethanol-based production of ethylene, ethylene oxide (EO) and ethylene glycol (EG) dates back to the 1960s. The process is commercially proven and has been extensively applied industrially. Recent tre..

Overcome the imbalance between diesel and gasoline production

Wisdom, L., Axens; Peer, E., Craig, M., Perat, C., Axens North America

A number of strategies can be applied to increase the overall product selectivity to middle distillates.

Consider olefin offgas as feed for ammonia production

Arora, V. K., Kinetics Process Improvements, Inc.

Ammonia production using hydrogen (H2)-rich offgases is an established method, but it is practiced only in a handful of plants. The dynamics of new feedstocks in the petrochemicals industry coupled wi..

HP Viewpoint: Refining industry developments—Growing opportunity and uncertainty

Drevna, Charles T., American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM)

The U.S. has seen a dramatic change in energy production in just a relatively short period. Crude oil output has increased by about 55% in the last five years, according to data from the Energy Inform..

HP Industry Perspectives: New development for drop-in fuels

Future fuels must have a unique “drop-in” capability. They must also be compatible with present vehicle engines and fungible within the distribution system. Finding alternatives to corn-base..

HP News

Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

IChemE awards highest professional honor to Shell The Institution of Chemical Engineers (IChemE) awarded its highest honor to Shell in recognition of the company’s worldwide skills and profession..

Global refining: What is the future?

Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Demand for transportation fuels will continue to increase over the next 15 to 25 years. These fuels will still be primarily based on crude oil. Developing nations are driving growing demand for energy..

HP Industry Perspectives: Second-generation petrochemical processes take lead

Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Ethylene is the bellwether petrochemical. Almost all petrochemicals begin with ethylene and proceed to other major petrochemicals, including polyethylene (PE), ethylene dichloride, ethylbenzene and et..

Ethanol-to-ethylene process provides alternative pathway to plastics

Cook, D., Hodge, S., Moffatt, C., BP Downstream Technology, Conversion Technology Center

Tight operating margins make the ethanol-to-ethylene technology marketplace a challenging space in which to compete. However, a new, second-generation route can deliver market-leading conversion efficiency at lower cost and complexity than existing technologies.

Case history: Optimization of aromatics complex

Bergman, S., Yli-Opas, K., Karlsson, S., Frejborg, A., Neste Jacobs Oy; Vettenranta, J., Borealis Polumers Oy; Rönkä, M., Borealis Polymers Oy

Borealis Polymers executed an online optimization project at its phenol and aromatics plants in Porvoo. The plantwide application increased the output rate by 9% and greatly improved the stability of operations.