South America: Brazil

Carvalho, O., MaxiQuim Assessoria De Mercado

Brazil’s economic improvement was remarkable over the past decade, following many years of slow growth. On average, the Brazilian gross output of goods and services increased at an annual average..

Asia: India

The Indian economy has come a long way since the 1991 economic reforms. A decade and a half of economic reform and globalization is yielding returns that cut across all income groups. The domestic eco..

Asia: Japan

Yoneyama, M., IHS Markit

The Japanese economy showed steady recovery for 2003–2007. However, due to the global recession in late 2008, Japan’s GDP growth decreased to –1% in 2008 and to –5.5% in 2009. Due ..

Europe: United Kingdom

Eastwood, A., Economic Advisor, Chemical Industries Association (CIA)

The United Kingdom (UK) is Europe’s fourth largest chemical economy, after Germany, France and Italy. It accounts for 8% of the European Union’s (EU’s) $900 billion overall chemical pro..

Consider new technologies to raise diesel yield in bottom-of-barrel products

The debate continues over adding a new delayed coker vs. a residue hydrocracker upstream of an existing delayed coker.

HP Viewpoint: Age of turbulence: Charting the refining course toward a profitable future

Ozmen, S. M., Shell Global Solutions International BV

High-performing enterprises draw on external expertise during all project phases, from scouting and front-end engineering and development through to operations.

From mill to wing: How waste materials could become the next green aviation fuel

Holmgren, J., LanzaTech

We are in the midst of an energy revolution, with new types of liquid fuels from new sources and an increased supply of traditional fuels unleashed from existing sources thanks to new technologies. Wh..

Slurry-phase hydrocracking—possible solution to refining margins

Opportunity crudes require more hydrogen addition to upgrade orphan product streams into higher-value ‘clean’ products

Convert bottom-of-the-barrel into diesel and light olefins

Sieli, G., Rama Rao, M., Soni, D., Lummus Technology; Bhattacharyya, D., Indian Oil Corp. Ltd.

Integrating residue hydrocracking operations with advanced fluid catalytic cracking optimizes upgrading of heavy crude oils

What are the future fungible transportation fuels?

Stockle, M., Foster Wheeler, Reading

Alternatives hold promises to decrease dependence on crude oil, but they also uncover other challenges in distribution and engine use