Crude oil

Impact of inaccurate water-in-oil measurement

Yang, M., TÜV SÜD National Engineering Laboratory

Water-in-oil content is an important parameter for both the upstream and downstream sectors of the oil and gas industry.

Improve kerosene mercaptan sweetening with fluoropolymer-cartridge liquid-liquid coalescers

Wines, T. H., Gorin, A., Pall Corp.; Rios, J., Trucko, J., Honeywell UOP

Many refineries are experiencing new problems related to the formation of stable emulsions and poor separation due to the increased use of lower-cost opportunity crude oils that have a high total acid number (TAN), higher gravities and more sulfur content.

Asphaltene removal technology produces novel cement waterproofing additive

Chung, W., Well Resources Inc.; Lee, M.-T., National Chia-Yi University; Chen, C.-Y., Chen, F.-P., Lin, T.-B., Shin Chuang Technology Co. Ltd.

Addressing climate change and environmental issues has become a top priority in the 21st century.

Implementation of advanced level control techniques in refinery operations

Mandal, K. K., Nayara Energy Ltd.

Plant performance depends on stable operations, with steady feed, product flow, temperature and pressure control as per process requirements.

Management of LPG pool in a complex refinery

Saka, A., Kutman, D., Tüpraş

LPG pool management is becoming more important as the regulations on the product specifications tighten.

Oil refinery/petrochemical integration in a CO2-constrained world—Part 2

Petrochemical demand will increase with gross domestic product, while the demand for motor fuels will only show modest growth and may even decline in certain regions, given environmental/legislative pressures and the introduction of battery-powered electric vehicles.

MAA refinery—Bunker fuel oil challenge: Stable and compatible VLSFO production

Matar, M. B., Mane, A. A., Rajendran, M., Kuwait National Petroleum Co.

Studies have been conducted on strategies for bunker fuel oil (BFO) production with reduced sulfur and catalytic fines concentration limits.

Online treatment of a slide valve fault in an FCCU

Ruibo, G., PetroChina Jinzhou Petrochemical Co.; Wei, P., Yansheng, L., China University of Petroleum

The regeneration slide valve is a key piece of equipment that controls the ratio of catalyst to oil and reaction temperature in FCC units (FCCUs).

Industry Perspectives

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Last month, Hydrocarbon Processing presented its mid-year market update to a global audience.

Industry Metrics

Mike Rhodes, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

U.S. Gulf Coast margins increased, supported by unplanned refinery outages that limited a stronger recovery in run rates and kept product outputs relatively supressed.