Crude oil

Improved cooling system performance begins with data

Dalebroux, J., Emerson Automation Solutions; Aleynik, B., Consultant

Refineries consume large amounts of energy and water to refine crude oil into products. Up to 10% of crude oil’s energy content is consumed during processing, and it takes 1.5 bbl of water to process one barrel of crude oil. Refining processes also generate large quantities of excess thermal energy that needs to be expelled into the environment using a once-through or recirculating cooling system.

Business Trends: One downstream—Strategic imperatives for the evolving refining and chemical sectors

Dickson, D., Slaughter, A., Deloitte Services; Mittal, A., Deloitte Services LP

Downstream executives will remember the present decade as a golden age for the industry, driven by low feedstock prices and healthy end-use demand.

Diversifying the future: Incentives for worldwide adoption of renewable fuels and chemicals—Part 1

Bio-based, renewable fuels and chemicals can reduce the environmental footprint of maintaining global transportation and product demands, while also supplementing traditional fossil fuels in a global environment with increasing energy demand.

Opportunity crudes and refinery challenges during hydrocracking operations—Part 2

Refineries worldwide often face practical challenges and operating issues when processing opportunity crude oils to maximize profit margins.

Business Trends: Crude-to-chemicals—An opportunity or threat?

Gupta, S., Xu, D., Wood Mackenzie

For most oil refiners and chemical producers, the need to improve margins and remain competitive has never been greater.

Asia: China eyes significant growth in petrochemicals

Gerden, E., Contributing Writer

China aims to grow its domestic petrochemical production during the next 5 yr–7 yr, driven by the ongoing modernization of major production facilities and an increase in foreign investments.

Editorial Comment: Exchanging ideas through collaborative environments

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

What is the best way to exchange ideas?

Hydrocarbon Processing Awards

Hydrocarbon Processing, the downstream processing sector’s leading technical publication, has announced the finalists for its third annual awards.

Automatic gauging addresses tank farm challenges

Mallon, D., Endress + Hauser GmbH + Co.

Tank farms are often found on the premises of large refineries and petrochemical plants, or nearby.

Opportunity crudes and refinery challenges during hydrocracking operations—Part 1

Refineries worldwide often face practical challenges and operating issues when processing opportunity crude oils to maximize profit margins.