Environment & Safety

Octane enhancement avoiding both high reformer severity and alkylation

Kauders, P., CDE Projects Ltd.

An innovative refinery process arrangementa converts butane-rich, light paraffinic streams—preferably containing a high proportion of isobutane—into butylene by dehydrogenation.

Cost-effective naphtha hydrotreating unit revamp to increase high-octane reformate production

Ramesh, K., Phukan, D., Indian Oil Corp. Ltd.

India, which is the third-largest economy in the world, is home to nearly 18% of the world’s population (nearly 1.4 B).

Safe and sustainable alkylation: Performance and update on composite ionic liquid alkylation technology

Chung, W., Well Resources Inc.; Zhang, R., Beijing Zhongshi Aojie Petroleum Technology Co.; Song, D., PetroChina Harbin Petrochemical Co.

Market and regulatory factors are pressuring refiners to adopt safe and sustainable processes for the production of clean-burning and environmentally friendly fuels.

Safety: Where foresight replaces hindsight: How AI impacts the future of oil and gas safety

Stewart, H., Advisian Digital, part of the Worley Group; Aitken, C., SaltGrid

According to the International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (IOGP), there were 31 fatal incidents across the industry in 2018.

How to use technology to mitigate job-hopping and retain millennial workers

Whittle, L., Parsable

Workforce experts and employers often suggest that the millennial generation is responsible for sparking the job-hopping trend.

Engineering Case Histories: Case 109: Catastrophic failures and the human factor

Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

A catastrophic failure is defined (for this article) as a failure where lives have been lost and human causes have been a factor.

Demineralized water system design: Considerations for the petrochemical industry—Part 1

Fan, J., Ananthanarayan, S., Hodgkinson, A., Advisian, a Worley Company

Site utility leads, engineers and other professionals in the hydrocarbon/chemical processing industries (HPI/CPI) are facing a perfect storm of increasing demineralized water demand, end of life of existing demineralized water plant equipment, changing source water quality, corporate directives to diversify water sources, and pressure from regulators and community stakeholders to minimize the volume of waste generated from water treatment.

Solve PRV and piping capacity problems—Part 1

Engineers often uncover problems or inadequacies with pressure relief valve (PRV) and relief system piping capacities that need creative and cost-effective solutions.

Integration can enhance fire safety and protection systems

Doherty, E., Honeywell Industrial Fire

The world population is expected to reach 9.2 billion people by 2040,1 and the global GDP is also likely to double over that same period.

Variable capacity control technology facilitates efficient operation for reciprocating compressors

Sanford, J., Siemens

Reciprocating compressors are used extensively in refinery and petrochemical operations to keep feedstocks and products moving through miles of piping.