Heat Transfer

Embrace tube metal temperature factor (FT) in fired heater design

Batra, K., Agarwal, N., Engineers India Ltd.

Fired heaters are one of the most critical pieces of equipment in a refinery. They

Spiral heat exchanger technology

Alhazemi, A. B., Alharbi, B., Saudi Aramco

Heat exchangers are some of the most critical equipment in the oil and gas industry, as they provide the required temperature of fluid to sustain the plant’s operation.

Prospects of petrochemical disruptive technology applications in Egypt Energy Hub Project

Ezzat, A. A., Pharos University

One of the most important challenges facing the Egyptian economy is the growing demand for petrochemicals in different sectors, particularly plastic materials and composites.

Aromatic complex: A case study for relief load estimation of a heat integrated refinery unit

Saha, J., Chaudhuri, S., Bechtel India

Refineries are moving from fuels to chemical production as the demand for fuel derived from crude oil declines in the near future.

Double-tubesheet heat exchangers: Necessities and challenges

Misal, P. M., Fluor

Among all types of heat exchangers, shell-and-tube heat exchangers are in huge demand for industrial applications.

Use infrared thermal imaging for pump system condition monitoring and early failure detection

Brashler, K., Alshahrani, Y., Saudi Aramco

Thermal imaging technology has evolved over the years, and investment costs have decreased significantly.

Editorial Comment: Maintenance and reliability—A cornerstone of safe and efficient plant operation

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Refineries and petrochemical plants are comprised of a series of crucial processes to produce transportation fuels, products and chemicals demanded by the global market. These processes consist of capital-intensive units that must be maintained to provide reliable performance. Failure to adequately maintain these assets can have a detrimental effect to not only operations and profit, but also to worker safety.

Determining the indeterminate

Chaudhuri, D., Fluor Daniel India Pvt. Ltd.; Van de Ruit, H., Fluor

Standards such as API, ASME and NFPA are applied widely in the refining industry.

Converting a petroleum diesel refinery for renewable diesel

Chan, E., Burns & McDonnell

As refiners consider renewable, low-carbon alternatives, renewable diesel—refined from agricultural products using petroleum refinery processes—is gaining traction.

The use of tube inserts in fired heaters

Martin, M., XRG Technologies

In 1896, Whitham1 reported the successful use of twisted tapes (originally called retarders, and now also called turbulators) to increase heat transfer in boiler fire tubes—their effectiveness in increasing heat transfer is well known.