Heat Transfer

Measuring steam flow to flares

Menezes, M., Emerson Automation Solutions

Refinery flare stacks are designed to combust all manner of unrecoverable hydrocarbon gases and vapors to avoid putting them into the atmosphere in their original form.

Speed up the development of new commercial adsorbents—Part 1

In the conventional development approach, a multi-stage process begins in the laboratory, moves to the pilot plant, and ends at the commercial unit, often before any financial benefits are realized.

Simulation model of a vacuum heater transfer line

Williams, R. H., C&I Engineering

The vacuum tower is a critical part of many crude distillation units, and the vacuum heater transfer line is a critical part of vacuum tower operation.

Optimize LNG production through contaminant mitigation—Part 1

Wines, T. H., Pall Corp.; Mokhatab, S., Consultant; Trifilieff, O., Pall France

The production of liquefied natural gas (LNG) requires a number of stages to effectively purify the feed gas. These stages are essential to maintain continuous operation and to meet product specifications.

Alfa Laval awarded $6.5-MM heat exchanger order

LUND, Sweden — Alfa Laval—a company in heat transfer, centrifugal separation and fluid handling—has won an order to supply Alfa Laval Packinox heat exchangers to a refinery in the Middle East.

Innovations

Andrew, Bob, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In the demanding environment of a Claus reaction furnace, flame detection sensors must distinguish whether a flame is still burning against a hot refractory lining background.

Determine service fatigue life for damaged delayed coking unit drums

Aumuller, J., Carmagen Engineering, Inc.

Coke drums and delayed coking units (DCUs) have been a recognizable technology in refineries since the 1930s, and in oil sands plants since the early 1960s.

Maximizing energy efficiency in paraxylene production—Part 1

Colling, C., BP AMOCO

Due to reduced margins, higher energy costs and rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) content, energy efficiency has never been more important in refining and petrochemicals.

Alfa Laval Wins $6.6 MM Refinery Order

LUND, Sweden — Alfa Laval, a company in heat transfer, centrifugal separation and fluid handling, has won an order to supply welded heat exchangers to a refinery in the Middle East.

Process safety incidents involving simultaneous operations

Baybutt, P., Primatech, Inc.

Some process safety incidents occur as the result of simultaneous or sequential occurrences of operations or activities that interfere or clash with each other.