Loss Prevention

Separating from the competition: Recovering profits after the pandemic

Christianson, J., Scalco, V., General Atomics

As recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic begins, so will a return to normal life.

Good distributor design for high-velocity feed debottlenecks a crude preflash tower

Blum, B., Bazan Group; Kister, H., Fluor; Tsang, R., Koch-Glitsch

Bazan Group’s crude unit No. 3—not designed by any of the authors’ companies—was bottlenecked by the preflash tower.

Vapor velocity guidelines for horizontal flare knockout drums

Flare knockout (KO) drums are important components of effluent handling systems.

Restaging/rerating of centrifugal compressors: Fundamentals, practices and challenges

The primary requirement for rerating or revamping an existing centrifugal compressor is to match the new operating requirements, such as increased or decreased flow, increased or decreased head, or a combination of both. Rerating or revamping is necessary where the existing compressor or compressor train is incapable of meeting the new operating requirement efficiently.

Quantum leap in chemical plant safety and reliability through mobile technology

Murugan, A., Fitiri; Pattabathula, V., SVP Chemical Plant Services

The human factor has played a significant role in chemical plant accidents and production loss incidents over the past 60 yr.

Ensuring safety in dynamic chemical manufacturing environments

Knecht, S., ITT Goulds Pumps

As with all industries, chemical manufacturing is evolving in response to technical innovations, new customer requirements and increased global competition.

Executive Viewpoint: It was the best of times

Howell, A., Byfield, R., KBC, a Yokogawa Company

“It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness…”. Fortunately, this opening line from A Tale of Two Cities does not often present itself as an appropriate analogy to the oil and gas industry. Yet, here we are.

Engineering Case Histories: Case 112: Remote failure analysis consulting

Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

An article on “Remote training of personnel”1 is interesting and appropriate at this time of COVID-19. It outlines the difficulties in presenting remote training courses and suggests methods that can help.

Improved measurement of water content in natural gas

Garza, A., Miller, S., Endress+Hauser

Consumers likely imagine natural gas as a stream of pure methane. Those who are closer to the energy industry know that methane is the major component, but there can easily be dozens of other substances making up a sizeable portion of the total volume.

Business Trends: The economics of reliability—An interim report on the global refining industry

Krimmel, J., Pinnacle

What is reliability? Most people think reliability is simply a measure of failure, or lack of failure. If something runs for a longer period without failing, then it is more reliable than something that runs for less time. However, reliability is a measure of how often something performs when you want it to.