Loss Prevention

FCC operational changes to boost gasoline octane

The fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) is one of the main units providing gasoline with high-octane numbers to the refinery gasoline pool.

Ultra-deep desulfurization of FCC gasoline: Reactive adsorption strategy

Tao, Y., SINOPEC Engineering Inc.

With an increase in concern for the environment, countries around the world are implementing stringent environmental regulations and are continuously pressuring refiners to reduce the amount of sulfur in transportation fuels—primarily gasoline and diesel—to combat airborne pollution caused by vehicles.

Digital: Digitalization—Why now?

Micklem, D., KBC, a Yokogawa Company

The process industries are under threat.

Petrochemicals: Which network can fulfil the petrochemical sector’s desire to exploit Industry 4.0?

Smith, G., Rajant Corp.

The global petrochemical industry has not been short of success.

The critical maintenance team: Do you have one?

Thorman, G., Consultant

Larger plants typically have planners and maintenance supervisors onsite, as well as operations personnel.

Application of ring-type joint gaskets in a refinery

Lee, S., Lee, S. H., Jeon, S., SK Energy; Jang, T. Y., SK Innovation Co. Ltd.

In refineries and petrochemical plants, ring-type joint (RTJ) flanges have been applied to high-pressure processes or sensitive areas that are susceptible to leaks.

Fabrication of clad equipment and piping—Part 2

Shargay, C., Carmona, R. K., Daru, K., Desai, J., Irfan, M., Fluor; Panchal, A., Reliance Industries Ltd.

For pressure vessels, heat exchangers and piping in corrosive services, the materials in contact with the process are often required to be high alloys to provide a reliable service life.

Design considerations for rigging and transportation of large process columns

Sharma, B. K., Bahadur, A., Fluor Daniel India

Design guidelines for rigging and transporting large process columns are outlined in this article, along with the various aspects that should be considered during the initial design phase of equipment.

The top three causes of contractor and engineering misalignment

Eichelberger, N., Accruent

When contractors, engineers and operations teams at downstream processing plants do not work together at optimal efficiency, it can present serious problems.

How did asset utilization modeling save Sadara $1 B in capital cost?

Hayek, F., Moran, M., Sadara Chemical Co.

Sadara is a JV between Saudi Aramco and Dow Chemical.