Maintenance & Reliability

Pay attention: LockerGoga and Trisis/Triton demand an improved cybersecurity strategy

The need for a solid cybersecurity strategy has been discussed and debated for nearly half a century. However, the basic worm-type attacks first documented in 1972 are still with us today. Why? The reason is because even the most basic measures to protect control systems from these types of attacks are still not systematically employed.

The future of wireless control

Boger, H., Consultant

In 1864, James C. Maxwell predicted the existence of radiowaves by means of a mathematical model. The so-called Maxwell equations are the most famous and successful formulas. In 1884, John H. Poynting realized that the Poynting vector would play an important role in quantifying electromagnetic energy. In 1888, bolstered by Maxwell’s theory, Heinrich Hertz first succeeded in showing experimental evidence of radiowaves using his spark-gap radio transmitter. The prediction and evidence of radiowaves were the beginning of wireless power transfer (WPT).

Building industrial networks to serve IIoT and digitalization

Logue, C., Emerson Automation Solutions

Two of the terms growing in popularity over the past few years are “digital native” and “digital immigrant.” Natives are those individuals young enough to have known computers and the internet since childhood. For them, such technologies have always existed. Immigrants, either through age or circumstance, had no exposure until later in life. Hopefully, for them, such technologies are a welcome addition to work and life, but they can remember times when most activities were more manual, local and isolated.

Associations: Integrated vs. non-integrated safety systems: Does it really matter?

Gupta, M. S., ARC Advisory Group

ARC Advisory Group’s 23rd annual Industry Forum included a panel discussion that explored the relative merits of integrated vs. non-integrated safety systems in an increasingly connected world.

Reliability: Viewing issues out of context may be a waste of time

Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

An alternative to the above title would be “Test your rotating equipment engineers’ IQ.”

From traditional to green refinery: The transformation of Eni’s Gela plant

The need for a more sustainable energy mix is setting a challenge for refinery operators.

Industry Perspectives—Two events: One to honor, one to learn

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In this issue, the finalists for Hydrocarbon Processing’s third annual HP Awards are detailed.

Reliability: Comparing and updating aeration blower technologies

Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

As the main consumers of electricity in a wastewater treatment plant, aeration blowers can significantly affect the overall cost of plant operation.

Are produced water emissions factors accurate?

Ross, K., Bryan Research & Engineering, Inc.

Rules of thumb are often required to estimate hydrocarbon emissions from produced water storage tanks due to a lack of sampling or inadequacies of sample analysis—the “1% rule” being the most common.

Are there ghosts in your maintenance backlog?

Thorman, G., Red Horse Properties LLC

The heart and soul of a maintenance organization is often found in the backlog of identified work.