Refining

Process control reimagined

Imagine visiting the control room of a typical process unit at a refinery.

Industry Perspectives

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

This month, Hydrocarbon Processing will be hosting two events—one to showcase the latest in processing technologies in the refining and petrochemicals markets, and the other to provide an update on the latest trends, initiatives and capital project investments in the global hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI).

Innovations

Mike Rhodes, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

What are the latest advancements in HPI technologies? This month’s Innovations section details the tools and technologies that are optimizing plant operations.

Separating from the competition: Recovering profits after the pandemic

Christianson, J., Scalco, V., General Atomics

As recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic begins, so will a return to normal life.

Good distributor design for high-velocity feed debottlenecks a crude preflash tower

Blum, B., Bazan Group; Kister, H., Fluor; Tsang, R., Koch-Glitsch

Bazan Group’s crude unit No. 3—not designed by any of the authors’ companies—was bottlenecked by the preflash tower.

Vapor velocity guidelines for horizontal flare knockout drums

Flare knockout (KO) drums are important components of effluent handling systems.

Thick-wall reactor shell repair procedure after damage detection at an interface in a hydrocracking unit

Chidambaram, S., Central Mechanical Research Institute

The vessel and reactor operating in a refinery may undergo various deteriorations due to their operating conditions.

Double-tubesheet heat exchangers: Necessities and challenges

Misal, P. M., Fluor

Among all types of heat exchangers, shell-and-tube heat exchangers are in huge demand for industrial applications.

Engineering Case Histories: Case 112: Remote failure analysis consulting

Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

An article on “Remote training of personnel”1 is interesting and appropriate at this time of COVID-19. It outlines the difficulties in presenting remote training courses and suggests methods that can help.

Understanding HCN in FCC: Formation, effects and mitigating options

Riva, S., BASF; Challis, S., Chalcat Consulting

In these challenging times, fluidized catalytic cracking units (FCCUs) aim to improve margins by processing poorer- or different-quality feeds, while maintaining good yield performance.