Refining

Prospects of petrochemical disruptive technology applications in Egypt Energy Hub Project

Ezzat, A. A., Pharos University

One of the most important challenges facing the Egyptian economy is the growing demand for petrochemicals in different sectors, particularly plastic materials and composites.

Aromatic complex: A case study for relief load estimation of a heat integrated refinery unit

Saha, J., Chaudhuri, S., Bechtel India

Refineries are moving from fuels to chemical production as the demand for fuel derived from crude oil declines in the near future.

MAA refinery—Bunker fuel oil challenge: Stable and compatible VLSFO production

Matar, M. B., Al-Mane, A., Rajendran, M., Kuwait National Petroleum Co.

Studies have been conducted on strategies for bunker fuel oil (BFO) production with reduced sulfur and catalytic fines concentration limits.

PSV sizing: An alternative solution to the homogeneous direct-integration method

Hojjati, H., Hojjati, B., WSP Canada Inc.

Pressure safety valves (PSVs) are designed to protect personnel and plant properties from an overpressure occurrence in equipment or piping by relieving fluid to a safe location.

Dual-mechanical seal arrangement for hot pump service

Zardynezhad, S., TurboTech Consulting Corp.

Selecting mechanical seals for hot services in an oil refinery or petrochemical plant is always a challenging task—and it is a task that needs careful attention, since the wrong seal selection can have a significant impact on pump reliability and availability.

Keeping fugitive emissions costs down with low-E valves

Hunsicker, S., Swagelok

Fugitive emissions have become an increasingly critical area of interest for chemical processing and refining facilities.

Case study: Reliability of low-flow, high-head pumps

Badughaish , M., Saudi Aramco

Pumps are one of the key elements used in different industries, including oil and gas, petrochemicals and water treatment.

Online treatment of a slide valve fault in an FCCU

Ruibo, G., PetroChina Jinzhou Petrochemical Co.; Wei, P., Yansheng, L., China University of Petroleum

The regeneration slide valve is a key piece of equipment that controls the ratio of catalyst to oil and reaction temperature in FCC units (FCCUs).

Oil refinery/petrochemical integration in a CO2-constrained world—Part 1

Petrochemical demand will increase with gross domestic product, while motor fuel demand will only show modest growth and may even decline in certain regions, given environmental/legislative pressure and the introduction of battery-powered electric vehicles.

Innovations

Mike Rhodes, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

What are the latest advancements in HPI technologies? This month’s Innovations section details the tools and technologies that are optimizing plant operations.