Refining

Equipment life assessment—An exercise to help ensure plant equipment integrity and reliability

Anwer, A., Contributing Editor

Numerous plants around the world operate with hazardous oil and gas, petrochemicals and refining fluids that have surpassed their design life.

Raman spectroscopy for the optimization of hydrogen usage in refineries

Sutherland, S., SpectraSensors

Approximately 700 refineries are in operation worldwide, producing a range of petroleum products including gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, liquified petroleum gas (LPG) and fuel oils.

Mitigating corrosion challenges from opportunity crudes

Wold, K., Emerson Automation Solutions

High-quality crudes are not always readily available, or at a price that is acceptable to the producer’s budget.

The benefits of automatic batch distillation

Process control methods have been applied to batch distillation of crude oil and intermediate oils performed in the Chevron DPST labs in Richmond, California.

Welded plate heat exchangers cut refinery process costs—Part 2

Broad, R., GESMEX Exchangers GmbH; Kauders, P., CDE Projects Ltd.

Plate-and-frame (P&F) heat exchangers were first manufactured 100 yr ago for use in the dairy industry.

Can nuclear power plant methodologies help improve hydrocarbon processing reliability?—Part 1

Pradhan, S., Consulting Engineer; Zamora, A. A., Tecnicas Reunidas

Safety requirements within nuclear power plants (NPPs) have encouraged the development of several rigorous methodologies that, in turn, have stimulated excellence in operability, availability, reliability and maintenance to the extent that numerous guides and standards now regulate that industry.

Selection of cooling water system for gas, petroleum and petrochemical plants located on coastline—Part 2

Safamirzaei, M., Namvaran P&T

The main options for the cooling water systems of gas, petroleum and petrochemical plants located on coastlines are studied here, and alternatives are compared with the consideration of several technical and economic parameters.

Calculate shell-and-tube exchanger heat input for PSV fire case

Su, S., ProPEng Inc.

According to API Recommended Practice (RP) 521, 4.4.13.1, “Fire exposure on equipment can result in overpressure due to vapor generation and/or fluid expansion.

Pump sealing for low-temperature hydrocarbons and liquefied atmospheric gases

Savage, M., John Crane Inc.

Pumping of low-temperature and cryogenic fluids requires specific and unique engineering technologies for the shaft sealing system.

Case study for a high-performing refinery loss control program

Valentine, J., Emerson Automation Solutions; Videla, R., YPF

Most refineries have some sort of mass balance and loss control program in place for accounting, planning and scheduling, as well as for financial and operational evaluation purposes.