Refining

Control software drives sustainable performance and production

Sims, S., Emerson

In the face of changing dynamics around the world, hydrocarbon manufacturers are finding the need to not only change strategies, but also to continually adapt those strategies to meet new social and consumer expectations.

Embrace tube metal temperature factor (FT) in fired heater design

Batra, K., Agarwal, N., Engineers India Ltd.

Fired heaters are one of the most critical pieces of equipment in a refinery. They

Spiral heat exchanger technology

Alhazemi, A. B., Alharbi, B., Saudi Aramco

Heat exchangers are some of the most critical equipment in the oil and gas industry, as they provide the required temperature of fluid to sustain the plant’s operation.

Continuous monitoring of creep in equipment

D’Antonio, F., Raffineria di Milazzo

In this article, the development of a customized program—designed by the author and used at Raffineria di Milazzo—for the continuous monitoring of creep in vessels and piping is explained.

Oil refinery/petrochemical integration in a CO2-constrained world—Part 2

Petrochemical demand will increase with gross domestic product, while the demand for motor fuels will only show modest growth and may even decline in certain regions, given environmental/legislative pressures and the introduction of battery-powered electric vehicles.

Prospects of petrochemical disruptive technology applications in Egypt Energy Hub Project

Ezzat, A. A., Pharos University

One of the most important challenges facing the Egyptian economy is the growing demand for petrochemicals in different sectors, particularly plastic materials and composites.

Aromatic complex: A case study for relief load estimation of a heat integrated refinery unit

Saha, J., Chaudhuri, S., Bechtel India

Refineries are moving from fuels to chemical production as the demand for fuel derived from crude oil declines in the near future.

MAA refinery—Bunker fuel oil challenge: Stable and compatible VLSFO production

Matar, M. B., Mane, A. A., Rajendran, M., Kuwait National Petroleum Co.

Studies have been conducted on strategies for bunker fuel oil (BFO) production with reduced sulfur and catalytic fines concentration limits.

PSV sizing: An alternative solution to the homogeneous direct-integration method

Hojjati, H., Hojjati, B., WSP Canada Inc.

Pressure safety valves (PSVs) are designed to protect personnel and plant properties from an overpressure occurrence in equipment or piping by relieving fluid to a safe location.

Dual-mechanical seal arrangement for hot pump service

Zardynezhad, S., TurboTech Consulting Corp.

Selecting mechanical seals for hot services in an oil refinery or petrochemical plant is always a challenging task—and it is a task that needs careful attention, since the wrong seal selection can have a significant impact on pump reliability and availability.