Treating

Viewpoint: Reducing the sulfur shadow— Who pays the price?

Wright, S., KBC

The International Maritime Organization’s (IMO’s) 2020 regulation has been described as the most disruptive change to impact the oil industry in the past 30 yr.

Industry Perspectives: Refining’s real growth is through secondary unit capacity

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

According to multiple industry reports, the global refining sector will add between 7 MMbpd and 8 MMbpd of new crude distillation unit (CDU) capacity by the early 2020s.

Hydrocarbon Processing Awards

Hydrocarbon Processing, the downstream processing sector’s leading technical publication, has announced the winners for its second annual awards.

Technical considerations for the Heydar Aliyev refinery revamp

Alkhasli, E., SOCAR Turkey Enerji; Baerends, M., Baars, F., Fluor Energy and Chemicals; Khidirov, B., SOCAR; Asgar-zadeh, S., Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences

The following case study describes the early development phases of SOCAR’s ongoing major revamp project at the Heydar Aliyev Refinery (HAR) in Baku, Azerbaijan, and its interface with the associated Azerikimya (AZK) steam cracking complex near Sumgait. References are made to the related SOCAR polymer project in Sumgayit, as well.

Additive solutions to SOx emissions in FCCUs

Genç, M., Dalgıç, E., Karani, U., Emiroglu, I., Er, I., Gul, A., Avcilar, S., TÜPRAŞ; Ventham, T., Johnson Matthey Process Technologies

Sulfur oxide additives are typically based on hydrotalcite or magnesium aluminate spinel-type structures. Magnesium alumina is the pickup agent present in the most effective SOx additives on the market; therefore, to optimize SOx reduction, it is critical to maximize the amount of the critical magnesium component in the fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) in an efficient and cost-effective way.

Options for meeting wastewater effluent selenium limits

Gerhardt, M., Steinwinder, T., Brown and Caldwell

Wastewater treatment units (WWTUs) in petroleum refineries are designed to meet effluent limitations incorporated into National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits for “conventional pollutants.”

Hydrocarbon Processing Awards

Hydrocarbon Processing, the downstream processing sector’s leading technical publication, has announced the finalists for its second annual awards.

Selecting amines for AGR facilities impacts LNG plant capacity

Hwang K., Zachry Engineering Corp.

Alkanolamines have been used for acid gas removal from natural gas for several decades.

Manage contaminants in amine treating units—Part 2: Rich amine filtration, inlet separation and amine foaming

Engel, D., Nexo Solutions; Northrop, P. S., ExxonMobil Upstream Research Co.

The installation and operation of suitable separation and filtration systems have become key components of virtually all process units, especially amine units.

Managing process contaminants in amine treating units—Part 1: Lean amine filtration

Engel, D., Nexo Solutions; Northrop, P. S., ExxonMobil Upstream Research Co.

Installation and operation of suitable contaminant removal systems, such as filtration, coalescing and adsorption equipment, have become key components in amine units.