October 2000

Special Report: Plant Safety and Reliability

Apply mechanical reliability principles to turbomachinery design

Use these guidelines to improve availability

Al Khowaiter, A. O>., Saudi Aramco, Uthmaniyah Gas Plant

Design of a turbomachine has a direct influence on its life cycle reliability and, therefore, its ability to operate with a maximum time interval between failures. A new mechanical reliability concept can shed light on what has so far been essentially a black art: based partly on science and partly on experimental verification – with little in the form of theory to guide the way. This concept involves creating a universal mechanical failure mode list that applies to all machinery and, from there, developing design rules and guidelines that eliminate these failure modes or isolate their effects. Applying these design principles leads to advanced turbomachinery that exhibits an extremel

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