Current Issue: March 2020

Archive

Special Focus: Petrochemical Technology

Advances in the OCC process for propylene production
Teng, J., Shi, J., Xie, Z., Sinopec Shanghai Research Institute of Petrochemical Technology

Driven by rising demand for polypropylene, cumene, acrylonitrile and other derivatives, increasing global demand is seen for propylene.

Engineering propylene: Value unlocking with the PDH process
Qureshi, V., Singh, R., Chate, V., Bechtel India

Propylene is at the core of the petrochemical industry, with the synthesis of its numerous derivatives finding greater application in industries from textile to automobile, cosmetics and beyond. Propylene is also a foundation block/intermediate for numerous chemicals, from isopropanol to polypropylene (a widely used synthetic material) to gasoline octane enhancers.

Engineering and Construction

Develop more efficient capital projects with an EPC 4.0 strategy
Sabharwal, A., Aveva

Digital technologies are being widely adopted across nearly every industry. Industrial companies are moving as far away as possible from manual, document-centric processes and replacing them with cloud services, digital solutions and data-centric strategies.

The importance of engineering and construction alignment throughout the project lifecycle
Payami, H., Fluor

Construction is where the rubber meets the road. This phase historically is the most challenging time of the project, often characterized by problems with high levels of urgency and difficulty.

Maintenance and Reliability

Case study: Extend tube life in a waste heat boiler
Lee, S., Kim, E., SK Energy

The sulfur recovery unit (SRU) separates sulfur from sulfur compounds.

Process Controls, Instrumentation and Automation

APC maintenance scheduling—Part 2
Mayo, S. M., Rhinehart, R. R., Madihally, S. V., Oklahoma State University

Advanced process control (APC) projects are supervisory programs that are often thought of as a layer of control above the base regulatory control for a process.

Valves, Pumps and Turbomachinery

Design of very-high-flow coefficient centrifugal compressor stages
Jariwala, V., Elliott Group

Centrifugal compressors are widely used in the oil and gas and petrochemical industries, with more than 15,000 operating in the U.S. alone.

Improving plant operations with control valve simulations
Novak, L., Youngdahl, R., Emerson Automation Solutions

In today’s business climate, where project budgets and schedules are under cost and time pressures (and where installed valve applications must perform reliably under increasingly severe conditions), valve simulations are enabling new capabilities.

Variable capacity control technology facilitates efficient operation for reciprocating compressors
Sanford, J., Siemens

Reciprocating compressors are used extensively in refinery and petrochemical operations to keep feedstocks and products moving through miles of piping.

Environment and Safety

Integration can enhance fire safety and protection systems
Doherty, E., Honeywell Industrial Fire

The world population is expected to reach 9.2 billion people by 2040,1 and the global GDP is also likely to double over that same period.

Solve PRV and piping capacity problems—Part 1

Engineers often uncover problems or inadequacies with pressure relief valve (PRV) and relief system piping capacities that need creative and cost-effective solutions.

Water Management

Demineralized water system design: Considerations for the petrochemical industry—Part 1
Fan, J., Ananthanarayan, S., Hodgkinson, A., Advisian, a Worley Company

Site utility leads, engineers and other professionals in the hydrocarbon/chemical processing industries (HPI/CPI) are facing a perfect storm of increasing demineralized water demand, end of life of existing demineralized water plant equipment, changing source water quality, corporate directives to diversify water sources, and pressure from regulators and community stakeholders to minimize the volume of waste generated from water treatment.

Columns

Editorial Comment: Petrochemicals: Growth, challenges, advancements and the technologies shaping an industry
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Each year, Hydrocarbon Processing devotes a Special Focus section to the latest advancements in petrochemical technology, as well as best practices, reliability and safety to ensure efficient and optimized petrochemical operations.

Reliability: Strainers and thoughtful testing: Piping initiatives worth considering
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In two separate cases, foresight in the use of strainers on piping and following proper procedures for hydrostatic testing are recommended to preserve the integrity of offshore platforms.

Project Management: Efficiently expanding a specialty chemical company
Parmar, A., COIM USA; Shahani, G., ShureLine Construction

COIM, a specialty chemical company, decided to expand its production capacity in the U.S. to supplement growing market and economy.

Optimization: Plan before main air blower disaster strikes

Weeks before a planned overhaul of its coker unit, a synthetic crude plant’s main air blower for the furnace failed, throwing the engineers’ plans into disarray.

Middle East: Saudi Arabia eyes major growth in petrochemicals market
Gerden, E., Contributing Writer

Saudi Arabia aims to become a major player in the global petrochemicals market within the next several years, with plans to increase domestic and foreign production and expand its exports.

Executive Viewpoint: Sustainability: Initiatives, innovation and solutions to crucial challenges
Becker, J., Chevron Phillips Chemical

Hydrocarbon Processing's Editor-in-Chief/Associate Publisher, Lee Nichols, was pleased to speak with Jim Becker (JB), Vice President, Polymers and Sustainability for Chevron Phillips Chemical (CP Chem).

Industry Perspectives: New petrochemical projects flat year-over-year
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

New perochemical project announcements plateaued year-over-year (y-o-y), according to data from Hydrocarbon Processing’s Construction Boxscore Database.

Business Trends: Rethinking the refining and petrochemicals industries
Price, J., Burns & McDonnell

Crude oil has been the fundamental element of transportation fuel for many decades.

Industry Metrics
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

High product inventory levels and weak heating oil demand continued to weigh on U.S. refining economics. European product markets, except gasoil, exhibited positive performance backed by firm exports and heavy turnarounds in the Middle East.