Current Issue: December 2021

Archive

Special Focus: Catalysts

Choosing an FCCU CO promoter is no longer driven by NOx emissions

Fluidized catalytic cracking units (FCCUs) form coke during the reaction that combusts in the regenerator and supplies heat for the process.

Establish the maximum allowable pressure drop across the catalyst bed structure in a hydrocracker
Kittur, A., Saudi Aramco

The reaction section of a hydrocracker unit has three reactors configured in two stages.

The phosphorus trap is renewed
Robledo, S. A., Haldor Topsoe

One of today’s hottest industry topics is renewable fuels.

Process Optimization

Using ANN modeling to predict the melt flow index in real time
Chakrabarti, N. C., R. Sinha, Reliance Industries Ltd.

Controlling polymer quality during manufacturing is a significant challenge due to the cost, maintenance and reliability of online measurements of final product quality.

Impact plant performance by improving the steam system
Walter, J. P., TLV Corp.

Petrochemical plants and refineries face production and profitability challenges on multiple fronts.

Design and scale-up of gaseous Group A fluid bed systems for chemical synthesis
Jazayeri, B., Contributing Editor

More than 100 fluid bed reactors for chemical synthesis and comparable processes using Group A powders have been installed and operated successfully since the late 1940s, with some reactors having an inside diameter at much larger than 7 m (23 ft).

HP Top Project Awards 2021

Hydrocarbon Processing's Top Project Awards
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Details on high-impact refining and petrochemical projects, as chosen by HP editors and readers

Environment and Safety

Consequence modeling and risk analysis for safeguarding against jet fires

Due to their high momentum and erosive nature, sustained jet fires are one of the most hazardous types of fires that can threaten the integrity of process facilities.

Safety and environmental benefits of reliability engineering
Troyer, D., O'Malley, C., T. A. Cook

When you boil down the mission of reliability to its bare essence, the job is to deliver maximum operational availability for the least amount of money over the lifecycle of the asset.

Stack gas scrubbing to meet IMO’s 0.5% sulfur bunkering requirement
Ott, P., Weiland, R. H., Optimized Gas Treating, Inc.

The International Maritime Organization implemented the IMO 2020 regulations on January 1, 2020.

Assessment of independent protection layers in an LOPA study—Part 2
Patel, H. J., Fluor

Industrial facilities, especially those operating in the chemical, oil and gas and petroleum industries, contain inherent risks in operations due to the processing of materials that are hazardous in nature.

Process Controls, Instrumentation and Automation

How one analyzer technology can improve a semi-regenerative catalytic reforming process
Garza, A., Endress+Hauser

Going back to the earliest days of the industry, oil refiners have found that breaking down crude oil into marketable fractions does not always result in high volumes of the most profitable products.

Valves Showcase

Valves market research analysis details industry leaders in valves manufacturing
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Valves are some of the most widely used equipment in hydrocarbon processing facilities.

Valves, Pumps and Turbomachinery

Aging pressure relief valves: Are you managing history well?
Younas, J., EFERT

The risks associated with the malfunction or blockage of pressure safety valves (PSVs) are significant, and operating facilities invest heavily in preventive maintenance (PM) programs to mitigate the risks and ensure that PSVs are functioning exactly as per design requirements.

Mitigation actions to prevent vibration during factory tests of SAGD boiler feedwater pumps
Zardynezhad, S., TurboTech Consulting Corp.

The most vital information on the condition of boiler feedwater (BFW) pumps is vibration.

Columns

Editorial Comment: HPI spending forecast to reach nearly $490 B in 2022
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Each year, the editors of Hydrocarbon Processing provide the latest trends and spending forecast for the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI).

Reliability: Disregarding storage preservation has consequences
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

As a rule, equipment to be installed at a plant site initially arrives at an outdoor storage yard.

Process Controls, Instrumentation and Automation: Improved methods for trace element analysis of challenging petrochemical samples
Kutscher, D., Thermo Fisher Scientific

There is no doubt that the purpose of refining crude oils into natural raw materials is crucial to produce a vast array of fuels and products used in our daily lives.

Corrosion: Maintaining profitability with opportunity crudes while mitigating naphthenic acid corrosion
Gajdacsi, A., Emerson Automation Solutions

Refiners are asked to produce products within ever tighter margins in a changing industry.

Industry Perspectives: Asia continues to dominate new project market share
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

According to Gulf Energy Information’s Global Energy Infrastructure database, new project announcements have decreased by approximately 6% year-over-year.

Business Trends: Executives’ focus on lean management leaves companies exposed to risk during crises
Bahr, N., DuPont Sustainable Solutions

In the wake of an extraordinary year marred by the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the author’s company released the results of its 2021 Operational Risk Management Survey1 of executives, a barometer of the topics that dominate boardroom discussions around the world.