Current Issue: October 2019

Archive

Special Focus: Plant Safety and Environment

Looking back at the Phillips 66 explosion in Pasadena, Texas: 30 years later
Bloch, K. P., Contributing Writer; Vaughen, B.K., AIChE

October 23, 2019 marks the 30-yr anniversary of a devastating fire and explosion that claimed the lives of 23 workers at a major chemical plant in Pasadena, Texas.

Use new oxidation technologies to achieve “near-zero” emissions of NOx and VOCs
Armstrong, P., Predatsch, E., Selas-Linde North America

HPInnovative solutions assist hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) facilities in meeting present and ever-changing air emissions regulations and strict operating permits.

The geoscience of reliability engineering: Preparing the process plant for natural disasters
Cole, J., Harvard University; Troyer, D. D., T.A. Cook Consultants Inc.

Industry can no longer afford to take a casual approach to the potential impacts of natural disasters on the operational reliability and integrity of physical plants and assets.

Process Optimization

Opportunity crudes and refinery challenges during hydrocracking operations—Part 2

Refineries worldwide often face practical challenges and operating issues when processing opportunity crude oils to maximize profit margins.

A dynamic 1D model for accelerated reactor cooling
Capra, M., Aggreko

Refinery hydrofining units must undergo planned and emergency shutdowns for catalyst changeover.

Accurate prediction of phase equilibrium properties—Part 1
Katyal, A., Independent Researcher/Inventor

Phase equilibrium properties, such as bubble-point, hydrocarbon dewpoint, water dewpoint, phase envelope, two-phase compositions, compressibility factor, hydrate equilibrium properties, etc., for hydrocarbon mixtures have been calculated accurately using the Peng-Robinson cubic equation of state by implementing constant and temperature-dependent binary interaction parameters in the Van der Waals mixing rule.

Sustainability

Diversifying the future: Incentives for worldwide adoption of renewable fuels and chemicals—Part 1

Bio-based, renewable fuels and chemicals can reduce the environmental footprint of maintaining global transportation and product demands, while also supplementing traditional fossil fuels in a global environment with increasing energy demand.

From traditional to green refinery: The transformation of Eni’s Gela plant

The need for a more sustainable energy mix is setting a challenge for refinery operators.

Energy savings opportunities in unifining, CCR and benzene removal units
Kahraman, K., TÜPRAŞ

Opportunities are always available to decrease energy consumption in process units.

Cybersecurity

Securing industrial systems in a digital world

The development of industrial control systems (ICS) over the past two decades has changed the face of many industries.

Heat Transfer

Pinch analysis: A retrofit approach
Raza, S. A., Penspen Intl.; Hussain, I., Oman Refineries and Petrochemical Ind. Ltd. (Orpic)

Pinch analysis provides techniques for heat integration to design the heat exchanger network (HEN), not only for grassroots design but also to retrofit an existing system and optimize the process.

Columns

Editorial Comment: Hydrocarbon Processing’s 2019 Top Project award nominees revealed
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

It’s that time again! Hydrocarbon Processing has announced the nominees for its annual Top Project awards.

Reliability: Viewing issues out of context may be a waste of time
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

An alternative to the above title would be “Test your rotating equipment engineers’ IQ.”

Engineering Case Histories: Case 108—Failure analysis computations differ from design
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

When equipment fails, it indicates weak points and usually exposes the cause(s) of the failure.

Associations: Integrated vs. non-integrated safety systems: Does it really matter?
Gupta, M. S., ARC Advisory Group

ARC Advisory Group’s 23rd annual Industry Forum included a panel discussion that explored the relative merits of integrated vs. non-integrated safety systems in an increasingly connected world.

Cybersecurity: Crucial defenses for critical infrastructures
Small, D., NCC Group

A colleague of mine once suggested to a chemical plant operator that it was a good idea to apply patches to Windows-based supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) servers as soon as they become available every month—after all, a lot of them fix security vulnerabilities.

Industry Perspectives: Hydrocarbon Processing honored with industry award nominations
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In early September, Hydrocarbon Processing staff learned that the publication was nominated for several publishing awards by Folio magazine.

Business Trends: One downstream—Strategic imperatives for the evolving refining and chemical sectors
Dickson, D., Slaughter, A., Deloitte Services; Mittal, A., Deloitte Services LP

Downstream executives will remember the present decade as a golden age for the industry, driven by low feedstock prices and healthy end-use demand.

Innovations
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In the oil and gas industry, failing to perform ongoing maintenance on equipment can have severe consequences, including reduced equipment service life, unplanned shutdowns and degraded performance.

People
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

ABB has appointed Maryrose Sylvester as Country Managing Director and Head of electrification for the US.