Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

May 2005


Special Report: Maintenance/Reliability

Maintaining reliable engineered air
FS-Elliott: Kelley, A.

Consider these factors to ensure a continuous supply

Achieving industry-best asset optimization
Meridium, Inc.: Mitchell, J. S.

Three essential objectives gain the performance level needed to obtain and sustain business success


Model-based predictive control increases batch reactor production
Repsol YPF: Cardete, A.  |  Lucio, R.  |  Martinez, R.  |  Munoz, S.  |  Sanz, A.
Sherpa Engineering: Papon, J.
Soteica Europe: Ruiz, C.
Soteica Visual MESA: Ruiz, D.

Better dynamic control of the temperature in an exothermic chemical reactor allows increasing the injection of reactants

Maintenance and Reliability

Centrifugal pump selection and upgrading for revised operating conditions
Reliance Engineers Associates Ltd.: Chaware, D. K.  |  Shukla, D. K.  |  Swamy, R. B.

Consider these options to reduce capital, energy and maintenance costs

Process Safety/Environment

Consider oxygen monitoring systems designed for safety and reliability
Critical Control and Safety Solutions, Ge Fanuc Automation: Waclzak, T. A.

Programmable automation controllers can give added performance

Process Technology/Distillation

Improved scrubbing methods control pollutants from FCCUs
eni S.p.A. Refining and Marketing Division: Amoroso, A.
Belco Technologies Corp.: Confuorto, N.

A major European refiner installed an advanced wet scrubbing unit to reduce SO2 emissions

Optimize process operation with new vacuum distillation methods
CH2M Hill: Sloley, A. W.
Sulzer Chemtech: Kiong NG, W.  |  Kolmetz, K.  |  Lim, Y. T.  |  Senthil, K.
Nova Chemicals: Zygula, T. M.

Advanced fluid dynamics modeling fine-tunes vacuum separations that improve products' qualities and increase unit reliability


HP Control: Part 1 – What is advanced process control?
Petrocontrol: Friedman, Y. Z.

A stream of e-mail that followed my January and February editorials1,2 has convinced me that an advanced process control (APC) tutorial would be beneficial. First, a conceptual discussion: What does..

HP Reliability: Buy from knowledgeable, cooperative pump vendors
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

Selecting from among the many pump manufacturers may be tricky. That said, picking the right bidders may well be an important prerequisite for choosing the best pump. Three principal characteristics i..

HP Integration Strategies: Collaboration between IT and operations leverages common technology and enhances performance
ARC Advisory Group: Fiske, T.

For years, there has been a schism between IT departments and operations. This divide is a product of the different needs and uses of IT in the business and manufacturing environments, along with the ..

HPIn Europe: Biodiesel new builds and a green superfuel
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Wright, Tim L.

Greenergy will go ahead and build its first biodiesel plant in the Humber Estuary in the UK, near the ConocoPhillips refinery. Greenergy may be a seasoned "early bird" in new fuels, but it certainly w..

HP Innovations: HPInnovations

First seal designed expressly for oil mist applications A US West Coast consulting engineer estimated that over 50% of all US refineries are using oil mist. Oil-mist lubrication is a key part of an ..

New Developments

Comprehensive simulation solution for processing plants The UniSim simulation solution, a family of software and engineering services, claims to improve performance throughout a processing plant's ..

HP Construction: HPIn Construction: North America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Valero Energy Corp. has selected UOP hydroprocessing technologies to produce ultra-low-sulfur diesel (ULSD) at its St. Charles, Louisiana, and Houston, Texas, refineries, plus treated FCC feed at the ..

HP Construction: HPIn Construction: South America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. (Petrobras) and Axens finalized license agreements for 10 Prime-G+ units to be installed in eight refineries: Cubatão, Duque de Caxias, Araucaria, Betim, Porto Alegre, Pa..

HP Construction: HPIn Construction: Europe
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

CB&I has a lump-sum turnkey contract with South Hook LNG Terminal Co. for Phase II of a new liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal to be built near Milford Haven, Wales, UK. Phase II is valued in..

HP Construction: HPIn Construction: Middle East
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Qatar Petroleum (QP) and Shell have a heads of agreement (HOA) to develop a large-scale liquefied natural gas (LNG) project located in Ras Laffan City, Qatar. The project is called Qatargas 4, and is ..

HP Construction: HPIn Construction: Asia-Pacific
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Foster Wheeler (WA) Pty Ltd., a Foster Wheeler Ltd. Subsidiary, in a joint venture with WorleyParsons Services Pty Ltd., has a letter of intent (LOI) from Woodside Energy Ltd. The agreement is for the..

Free Literature

Specialty gas and equipment Catalog from Airgas, Inc., provides details about its specialty gases and equipment. It includes guidelines for specifying, measuring and managing gases for various appl..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

  LNG spending to surge The LNG business is poised for a ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Petrochemicals: profile of market recovery
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Despite staggering blows, the global economy has held together and is growing at sustainable rates. Consequently, the industry is in a welcome period of excess capacity absorption. This translates int..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Ethylene industry rebounding from low profitability period
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Global ethylene demand grew over 5% in 2004. Ethylene unit utilization in all regions increased significantly, and prices in all regions were sustained at historically high levels. Profitability impro..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Canadian crude to move increasingly southbound
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Western Canadian crude production has been growing steadily. Incremental Canadian crude production is expected to be predominately the heavy sour crude grades, with a significant contribution from swe..

HP Impact: HPImpact: North American gas, power outlook
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

One of the most important physical changes in the global energy industry over the past decade has been the rapid growth of natural gas markets. This has been primarily driven by gas-fired power genera..

HP Impact: HPImpact: HPI in Asia-Pacific sees shifts in import, export roles
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Asia is clearly the focal point for the future growth of demand in the chemical, fiber and plastics industries. It has a substantial population that is forecast to increase in purchasing power, and a ..


Understanding microbiologically influenced corrosion

LORAINE A. HUCHLER, CONTRIBUTING EDITOR       Comments? Write: editorial@HydrocarbonProcessing.com ..

Simple solutions to flange leakage
Bechtel India Pvt Ltd.: Bansal, J. S.  |  Bhattachrya, A.

Understanding the basics helps solve field problems

Calculate hydrocarbon dew point for natural gas

Using this methodology can save costs and time