September 2005

Special Report: Refining Developments

Insert flexibility into your hydrogen network – Part 1

Advancements in refinery hydrogen management, technology and utility network can optimize existing and new systems

Ludwig, K., Morris, P., Patel, N., Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.

As refiners reconfigure their refineries to produce ultra-low-sulfur (ULS) clean fuels, hydrogen demand will increase, and new supply sources must be identified. Although offgas sources within refineries may provide a portion of the new hydrogen requirements, it will not be enough to address needs for ULS gasoline and diesel specifications. Three primary technologies are available to refiners to produce "on-purpose" hydrogen: steam reforming; autothermal reforming (ATR); and partial oxidation (POX). The predominant technology used within the refining industry is steam reforming (SMR). Expansions of existing SMRs can be considered because of the potential to obtain some hydrogen at attr

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