April 2006

Special Report: Petrochemical Developments

Ammonia industry – today and tomorrow

Innovations in technology and best practices facilitate economic survival for global operating companies

Nair, M. P. Sukumaran, Special Secretary to Government of Kerala, and Chairman, Chemical Engineering Division Board of the Institution of Engineers

The ammonia industry provides nitrogenous fertilizers from hydrocarbon-based feedstocks. The first ammonia process was developed 90 years ago. Over time, technology and new equipment have improved operating costs and enabled building large plants. Yet, most ammonia facilities use natural gas (NG) as a feedstock. Likewise, the ammonia process is an energy-intensive operation. Higher energy and feedstock costs have adversely impacted the profitability of older, smaller operating facilities. Demand for ammonia and fertilizers by developing countries increases annually. However, higher operating costs devastate the profitability of ammonia plants. Technology can be a solution to this industry.

Log in to view this article.

Not Yet A Subscriber? Here are Your Options.

1) Start a FREE TRIAL SUBSCRIPTION and gain access to all articles in the current issue of Hydrocarbon Processing magazine.

2) SUBSCRIBE to Hydrocarbon Processing magazine in print or digital format and gain ACCESS to the current issue as well as to 3 articles from the HP archives per month. $409 for an annual subscription*.

3) Start a FULL ACCESS PLAN SUBSCRIPTION and regain ACCESS to this article, the current issue, all past issues in the HP Archive, the HP Process Handbooks, HP Market Data, and more. $1,995 for an annual subscription.  For information about group rates or multi-year terms, contact email Peter Ramsay or call +44 20 3409 2240*.

*Access will be granted the next business day.

Related Articles

From the Archive



{{ error }}
{{ comment.comment.Name }} • {{ comment.timeAgo }}
{{ comment.comment.Text }}