October 2007

Heat Transfer

Understand the secrets of fired heaters tuning

New guidelines help engineers fine-tune heaters to consume less fuel and improve thermal efficiencies

Vinayagam, K., Heaters Revamping and Troubleshooting, Inc.

Hydrocarbon processing industries use energy to convert crude oil and natural gas into transportation fuels and other consumer products. In refineries, fired-heaters and boilers are the energy workhorses. Rising energy cost is a major driver for conservation programs. In fired heaters, fuel gas, fuel oil or a combination of both are fired to heat crude oil, processing fluids, steam, etc. Most refineries are fully utilizing available processing capacity with high demand for products. Some capacity expansions are planned or ongoing. Such projects demand more from fired heaters and boilers. When compared to fired heaters, boiler combustion controls are fully automated and require very less ma

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