September 2007

Special Report: Refining Developments

Is bottomless-barrel refining possible?

Future energy demand will involve innovative methods that can upgrade residual products

Runyan, J., Genoil Inc.

With 193 countries worldwide, no nation is totally energy independent. Some nations are net energy exporters and export more energy than they import. Most countries rely on the few energy-producing nations that control abundant hydrocarbon reserves. And yet, even regions with vast raw resources import some form of energy. So if energy independence is an unachievable goal, how does everyone get the fuel they need, especially in a world of rising demand, supply disruptions, natural disasters and unstable regimes? Global energy security can result through cooperation and engagement across the entire energy spectrum, from petroleum products to renewable energy such as biofuels. If we are willi

Log in to view this article.

Not Yet A Subscriber? Here are Your Options.

1) Start a FREE TRIAL SUBSCRIPTION and gain access to all articles in the current issue of Hydrocarbon Processing magazine.

2) SUBSCRIBE to Hydrocarbon Processing magazine in print or digital format and gain ACCESS to the current issue as well as to 3 articles from the HP archives per month. $409 for an annual subscription*.

3) Start a FULL ACCESS PLAN SUBSCRIPTION and regain ACCESS to this article, the current issue, all past issues in the HP Archive, the HP Process Handbooks, HP Market Data, and more. $1,995 for an annual subscription.  For information about group rates or multi-year terms, contact J'Nette Davis-Nichols at or +1 713.520.4426*.

*Access will be granted the next business day.

Related Articles

From the Archive



{{ error }}
{{ comment.comment.Name }} • {{ comment.timeAgo }}
{{ comment.comment.Text }}