March 2009

Archive

Special Report: Instruments and Networks

OPC UA: an end user's perspective
Kondor, R., OPC Training Institute

The updated specification relies on Web services for its data transportation providing significant advantages

Wireless networks improve refinery operation
Martin, G., Emerson Process Management

Smart instruments and secure wireless communications enable enhanced operations and asset management

Soft sensor modeling using artificial neural networks
Nandakumar, V., Mangalore Refinery & Petrochemicals Ltd.

Here are guidelines for proper construction

Hydrogen gas detection
Naranjo, E., General Monitors

Combining detection systems improves safety

Bonus Report: Gas Processing Developments

In-line laboratory and real-time quality management
Valleur, M., Technip

An in-depth look at NIR spectroscopy

What are the opportunities to construct liquefaction facilities at the Arctic Circle?
Mokhatab, S., Consultant; Wood, D. A., David Wood & Associates

Building and operating natural gas plants in the high latitudes pose numerous challenges

Fine-tuning demercaptanization process: A case study
Farhadi, F., Sharif University of Technology; Mallaki, Z., Sharif University of Technology and Petro Pars Ltd

Optimizing caustic concentrations and reactor temperatures improved acidic compound removal without installing new equipment

Operator Training/Management

From dynamic 'mysterious' control to dynamic 'manageable' control
Ranade, S. M., Torres, E., RWD Technologies LLC

Instructional design strategies and delivery methods for bridging the DMC chasm

Process Developments

Consider practical conditions for vacuum unit modeling
Yahyaabadi, R., Esfahan Oil Refining Co.

A good simulation model is a tool that reveals critical operating conditions and can be applied to daily operations

Rotating Equipment/Reliability

Auxiliary pumps and support systems for process machinery
Brennan, J. R., Colfax Corp.

Proper system design and operation are critical to plant uptime and reliability

Columns

HP Control: CDU overhead double-drum configuration
Friedman, Y. Z., Petrocontrol

Fig. 1 shows one of many CDU overhead configurations, with naphtha cutpoint control accomplished by a column top temperature controller manipulating a top pumparound (TPA) circuit heat removal. This c..

HP Reliability: Unreliability, global procurement and you
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Allow us to suggest that you engage in a "reality check" on the subject of equipment unreliability, global procurement and your own role in the matter. Please examine, realistically and objectively, t..

HP Integration Strategies: A good alarm management strategy
O'Brien, L., ARC Advisory Group

The ISA S18.02 standard provides a much needed, standardized framework for implementing an effective and sustainable alarm management strategy in refineries, petrochemical plants and other process pla..

HPIn Europe: Sacrificed to the money system: engineering workforce
Wright, Tim L., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Because of the shortage of an artificial commodity known as money, people who produce a real commodity known as oil will shortly be losing their livelihoods and, quite possibly, their homes. We're use..

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor

Past Letters to the Editor:   February | January Debating biases I am a senior consultant with Honeywell and have over 20 years of experience in the areas of advanced process cont..

HP Associations: Association news in brief
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

2009 Industrial Automation Safety and Security Symposium The 2009 Industrial Automation Safety and Security Symposium will take place April 22–..

HP Innovations

Regenerable SO2 scrubbing eases environmental pressures To manage growing strategic pressures from green fuels and environmental issues, refiners will be required to direct more attention to their ref..

HP Construction: North America
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

     Total's refinery in Port Arthur, Texas, recently added some equipment as part of an ongoing $2.2 billion upgrade. The upgrade, known as the Deep Conversion Project, includes ..

HP Construction: South America
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

 INEOS Technologies has granted two polyethylene technology licenses to Polimérica S.A. These plants will form part of Polimérica's cracker and derivatives complex in José, Venezu..

HP Construction: Europe
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

 Total Petrochemicals recently started up a revamped styrene unit at its petrochemicals facility in Gonfreville-l'Orcher, France. With capacity expanded by 210,000 metric tpy, the 600,000-metric..

HP Construction: Middle East
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

 Invensys Process Systems (IPS) has signed a multimillion dollar contract with Qatargas to complete a major automation upgrade at the Qatar Gas 1 facility in Ras Laffan Industrial City, Qatar. U..

HP Construction: Africa
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

 Shell Global Solutions International BV has a contract with Oilmoz Lda to design a refinery. Oilmoz Lda plans to build an $8 billion, 350,000 bpd oil refinery in the Maputo province of Mozambiq..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Networking, alarm management, security among top initiatives
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

ISA recently conducted an online survey to find out what automation industry observers and practitioners felt that near-term trends were going to be. When survey participants were asked which technolo..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Coke drum delivery marks project milestone at Texas refinery
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

TOTAL's refinery in Port Arthur, Texas, recently achieved a significant project target: the arrival of the centerpieces for its $2.2 billion Deep Conversion Project. Four massive coke drums—consi..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Pace of economic decline forecast to slow in first half of 2009
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The US recession deepened dramatically in the fourth quarter of 2008. However, according to one recent industry analysis, the rate of the economic contraction should slow in the first half of 2009, an..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Nobel Laureate Chu selected to head US Department of Energy
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

During his recent Senate confirmation hearing for Secretary of the US Department of Energy (DOE), Steve Chu—an acclaimed physicist and Nobel Laureate—said that boosting development of energy..

Misc

Asia-Pacific

BILLY THINNES, News Editor       Comments? Write: BT@HydrocarbonProcessing.com  LyondellBasell Industries recently started up its new polypropylene (PP) ..

HPIn Brief
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Multinational oil perspectives There is a "renewed need to react" to supplying global demand when worldwide economies pick up, said Jesus Reyes Her..