May 2021

Process Controls, Instrumentation and Automation

Improved measurement of water content in natural gas

Consumers likely imagine natural gas as a stream of pure methane. Those who are closer to the energy industry know that methane is the major component, but there can easily be dozens of other substances making up a sizeable portion of the total volume.

Garza, A., Miller, S., Endress+Hauser

Consumers likely imagine natural gas as a stream of pure methane. Those who are closer to the energy industry know that methane is the major component, but there can easily be dozens of other substances making up a sizeable portion of the total volume. Natural gas producers, pipeline operators and major industrial users—such as various types of petrochemical plants—have reason to be concerned about what is in the mix (FIG. 1). FIG. 1. Since natural gas can come from a variety of sources (fossil and renewable), its composition and attributes vary. Contaminants in natural gas can cause a variety of problems for pipeline operators and petrochemi

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