Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

April 2005


Special Report: Petrochemical Developments

Middle East: growth and issues for the petrochemical industry
SABIC Americas Inc.: Al-Ahmad, A. A.

The region's HPI is well-positioned to support plant expansions

Improve contaminant control in ethylene production
Pall Corp.: Wines, T. H.

New separation methods effectively remove aerosols and particulates that compromise heat-transfer surfaces

Is producing acrylic acid from propane economical?
SRI Consulting: Bell, S.

Only when propylene is scarce does this technology become cost effective

Consider new technologies for low-cost methanol operations
Lurgi: Aiello, J. G.

Mega-sized methanol facility yields numerous opportunities for petrochemical and energy markets

Conserve heat consumption in naphthalene distillation
DEZA: Lazecky, J.
Sulzer Chemtech: Zuber, L.

Using heat integration for the distillation unit and applying a heat recovery system can save a substantial amount of energy in purification operations

Engineering Case Histories

Case 26: Gathering failure data
Consulting Engineer: Sofronas, A.

Solving the problem wasn't so easy


Improve desalter control
Indian Oil Corp. Ltd.: Mandal, K. K.

Consider 'target-opening nonlinear control' for interface level


Avoid pipe corrosion under insulation
Industrial Insulation Group: Whitaker, T.

Keys are proper selection, installation and maintenance

Process Optimization

Quickly estimate hydrate formation conditions in natural gases
Consultant: Mokhatab, S.
University of Wyoming: Towler, B.

Using this simple technique to predict unfavorable conditions can save time and cost


HP Reliability: Standards and disclaimers
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

Reliability specialists are encouraged to make good use of industry standards. Well-written standards improve equipment uniformity and quality. Take for example the recently released National Electric..

HP Integration Strategies: Fieldbus justification goes beyond total cost of ownership
ARC Advisory Group: O'Brien, L.

LARRY O'BRIEN, CONTRIBUTING EDITOR       Comments? Write: editorial@HydrocarbonProcessing.com Fieldbus, as a digital replacem..

HPIn Europe: Spilled wine and our split industry
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Wright, Tim L.

The top tier of oil majors held a fairly united front almost to the end over the Clean Air Act and Auto Oil, but the split in our industry has never been so marked as it is over climate change. Now th..

HP Automation Safety: Sorting out the 'lemons' for safety services
exida LLC: Scharpr, E.

Selecting a company to assess safety requirements as part of an IEC61508/61511/ISA 84.01 safety life cycle process can be challenging. How can you be sure that they know what they are doing and will p..

HP Innovations: HPInnovations

Catalytic technologies mitigatesulfur, SOx and NOx GRACE Davison Refining Technologies claims its catalytic solutions can help refiners meet stricter regulations on refinery emissions and tighter su..

New Developments

Ultrasonic technology for high temperatures The new WaveInjector is said to extend the FLUXUS clamp-on ultrasonic flowmeter's temperature range. It enables a non-intrusive flow measurement at temper..

HP Construction: North America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

A Jacobs Engineering Group Inc. subsidiary has a contract with Shell Canada Ltd. to provide front-end engineering and detailed design to optimize Shell's Waterton natural gas and sulfur processing com..

HP Construction: Europe
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Foster Wheeler Iberia, S.A., a Foster Wheeler Ltd. subsidiary, has a contract to supply and construct a new fluid catalytic cracker (FCC) gasoline selective hydrotreater unit. The FCC unit technology ..

HP Construction: Middle East
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Foster Wheeler International Corp., a Foster Wheeler Ltd. subsidiary, has been awarded a project management consultancy (PMC) contract by Abu Dhabi Gas Industries Ltd. (GASCO) to develop what is claim..

HP Construction: South America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

The Dow Chemical Co., Petroleo Brasileiro SA (Petrobras), Brazil's state-controlled oil company, and Elekeiroz have a memorandum of understanding to study constructing an acrylic acid complex in Brazi..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

ExxonMobil Chemical is expanding its steam cracker capacity in Singapore. The facility, which is claimed to be ExxonMobil Chemical's single largest investment in the world, started up in 2001. This pr..

Free Literature

Analytical solutions for the power industry   Efficiency reductions and equipment failures attributable to corrosion and deposition cost the power industry billions of d..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

  Plastics demand generally high The US polymers and plas..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Industry executive 'sheds light' on downstream markets
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The notion of limited downstream opportunities and other misperceptions were challenged by Edward G. Galante, senior vice president, ExxonMobil Corp. He presented his insights in a keynote address dur..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Seller's market for LNG to become more consolidated
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Asian gas markets will remain tight in 2005, 2006 and 2007, although a lot more capacity is coming onstream bound for the Atlantic basin. New supplies will come after 2008, but the demand pressure wil..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Clear Skies Act will free up more natural gas, says ACC
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The American Chemistry Council (ACC) has endorsed the US Clear Skies Act of 2005. This hotly debated environmental legislation has been proposed to improve air quality and provide incentives for utili..

HP Impact: HPImpact: World lubricants demand to exceed 39 million tons in 2008
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Global demand for lubricants is forecast to increase 2.2%/yr to 39.3 million metric tons in 2008, valued at $36 billion. Growth will be driven by healthy advances in developing countries in Asia, Lati..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Zero-emissions dehydrators offer economic perks
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The US EPA regularly reports on its Gas STAR program and the participants' efforts in realizing methane emissions reductions. One latest documented opportunity involves zero-emissions dehydrators. C..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Strategies for China investments differ in US and Europe
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

A majority of US and European chemicals executives believes that the Chinese chemicals market will provide an attractive growth opportunity over the coming years, according to results of a recent Acce..

HP Impact: HPImpact: EU entrants attract chemicals investment
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The European chemical industry is faced with lower demand growth rates in the EU-15 zone. The industry has resorted to various measures to counter the challenges posed by the economic scenario, says a..


Improve accuracy of tracing production qualities using successive reconciliation

Use this technique for crude oil composition tracing and gasoline blend component quality prediction

HPImpact: Technology advances for small-diameter carbon nanotubes
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Single-wall and other small-diameter carbon nanotubes, a type of fullerene, are thought by many scientists and industry leaders to represent a transforming technology in producing and delivering to ma..