Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

April 2007


Special Report: Petrochemical Developments

Improve naphtha quality for olefins cracking
Ethylene Consultants: Bhirud, V. L.

Integrating an economy-of-scale extraction unit can yield naphtha suitable for ethylene production

Methanol: a global review
Jim Jordan and Associates, LLP: Jordan, J.

The world of methanol is very complex; so what is the future of this commodity product?

Reduce revamp costs by optimizing design and operations
AspenTech UK Ltd.: Alanis, F. J.  |  Park, N. S.  |  Sinclair, I.
Korea Petrochemical Industries Co.: Jeong, H. Y.  |  Ye, B. H.  |  Lee, J. J.

Combining process and equipment analysis with vendor solutions can minimize capital spending

Upgrade treatment operations for aromatics units
ExxonMobil Chemical Technology Licensing LLC: Kerze, A. D.  |  Kinn, T. F.
Nippon Petroleum Refining Co. Ltd.: Sato, T.

New catalytic pretreatment process removes troublesome olefinic materials, thus improving quality of aromatic streams

Optimize terephthaldehyde reactor operations
LG Chem, Ltd.: Chae, J. H.  |  Han, S. P.  |  Im, Y. H.  |  Lee, D. I.  |  Lee, J. W.

Korea's largest chemical company uses innovative modeling techniques to design high-performance reactors

Proactive automation maintenance cuts engineering hours, averts process problems
Praxair Technology Inc.: Coulvillon, E.  |  Solomon, J.
Emerson Process Management: Van Camp, K.

Some suppliers are automatically issuing control system updates and other important notifications

Gas Processing Developments

Improved equations for the Standing-Katz tables
Texas A&M University: Hall, K. R.
Instituto Tecnologico de Celaya: Iglesias-Silva, G. A.

Using these calculations can predict natural gas density and improve flowrates

Piping/Fluid Flow

Explicit friction factor correlation for turbulent flow in rough pipe
Bayer HealthCare: Goudar, C. T.
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center: Sonnad, J. R.

A comparison of approximation methods shows which is more accurate over a wide range of Re values

Process Developments

Temperature variation and its effects on pH
Gujarat Refinery, Indian Oil Corporation Limited: Ramakumar, K. R.

This important parameter is often overlooked in day-to-day operations


Defect analysis of an ammonia storage tank
International Inspections Centre W.L.L.: Pullarcot, S. K.

Here's how the causes of unusual problems with this tank were determined


Capture the long-term benefits of operator training simulators
Technip France: Cheltout, Z.  |  Coupier, R.
Technip: Valleur, M.

Here are the prerequisites, pitfalls and vision for the future


HP Control: 'Don't give me more data; give me more knowledge!'
Matrikon: Brown, M.

Any discussion of the use of plant operating data with management or operational staff will quickly spawn some variation on the above cliché--and the cliché is correct. The 1980s saw the evo..

HP Reliability: How reliability improvements save money
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

Equipment manufacturers and design contractors are often slow to adopt reliability upgrade and energy-conservation components in their standard offers. Fearful that buyers are making selections on low..

HP Integration Strategies: Automation change management risks and benefits
ARC Advisory Group: Fiske, T.

Competing in the process industries requires highly effective use of assets. An automation system is an essential ingredient of effective and profitable production operations. Most plants use a dispar..

HPIn Europe: Europe's Asian corridor builds a new downstream
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Wright, Tim L.

The southeast of Europe can feel more or less impenetrable to an English speaker based in the snowy north, so I was pleased to bump into my old friend Ozren in Italy the other day. Ozren lives in Serb..

HPIn LNG: Rising global LNG production will likely cause a shift in petrochemical feedstocks
Purvin & Gertz: Gist, Ron L.

The impending rapid increase in the production and consumption of liquefied natural gas (LNG) is widely recognized as a major factor that will affect the natural gas markets in many regions of the wor..

HP Water Management: Strategies to manage reliability of utility water systems - Part 2: Tools to improve operator competency
MarTech Systems, Inc.: Huchler, L. A.

Employees are important contributors to maintaining systems reliability. The increasing complexity of process control systems and reduction in staffing levels demand better-educated and more proficien..

HP Impact: HPImpact: LNG sector growth changes traditional market shape
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The liquefied natural gas (LNG) sector is one of the fastest growing sectors of the energy market and is expected to double between 2005 and 2010, delivering around 40% of global gas supply growth. A ..

HP Innovations

Energy-efficient process upgrades bitumen OrCrude, owned by Ormat, is a proprietary process to upgrade bitumen and heavy oil into synthetic crude oil. As shown in Fig. 1, the process consists of three..

New Developments

Software supports enterprise quality initiatives Version 8.0 of QI Analyst software's new enterprise-level quality management functions are said to enable proactive management of process variations in..

HP Construction: North America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Chevron Corp. received approval from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to build the proposed Casotte Landing regasification facility in Jackson County, Mississippi, adjacent to the Chevron Pasc..

HP Construction: Europe
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Jacobs Engineering Group Inc. has a contract to provide conceptual engineering studies and owner engineering support for an extension of Gaz de France's (GDF's) liquified natural gas (LNG) terminal in..

HP Construction: Africa
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Foster Wheeler Energy Ltd. and Foster Wheeler (Nigeria) Ltd., in a joint venture with Chiyoda Corp., have a contract with Nigeria LNG Ltd. (NLNG) for the project specification, or front-end engineerin..

HP Construction: Middle East
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Jacobs Engineering Group Inc. has a contract from Al Rajhi Petrochemical Group to provide front-end engineering services for a $50 million benzene recovery plant at Al-Jubail, Saudi Arabia. The contra..

HP Construction: Asia Pacific
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Mitsui Chemicals, Inc., has an agreement with Thai Polypropylene Co., Ltd., a wholly owned subsidiary of SCG Chemicals Co., Ltd., to license its polypropylene (PP) manufacturing technology. This will ..

Free Literature

Heat exchangers improve biodiesel processing Tranter's line of all-welded plate heat exchangers claim to improve operations in high-capacity biodiesel plants. These gasketless units are compatible wi..

HP In Brief: HPInBrief April 2007
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

    Examining role of ethanolBiofuels, especially ethanol, have gained strong interest in the transport..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Middle East: strong growth in distillate exports
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

 The Middle East remains a global center of oil industry activity from the upstream to downstream. Exploration and development activities have received a major boost from the past few years of hi..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Analysis of emissions data is misleading, admonishes NPRA
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The Environmental Integrity Project (EIP) recently released a report critical of the refining industry that is based on a flawed assessment, according to the National Petrochemical & Refiners Associat..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Brisk capital project activity requiring smart procurement practices
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Owner/operators are continuing to invest heavily in refining and petrochemical facilities. This level of activity is stretching the capabilities of suppliers and more than ever requires engineering co..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Commodity prices push developments in unconventionals
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Tightening global oil supply and regional squeezing of gas supply coupled with demand growth have resulted in increasing interest in exploiting unconventional hydrocarbons. Analysts with Wood Mackenzi..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Global product supply and demand outlook from EIA
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Cold weather and the resulting higher demand for heating fuels in the US reduced petroleum inventories (both crude and product) more than expected in February. Spot prices for crude oil and natural ga..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Meeting energy demand should be top of US agenda, says DOE
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The demand for energy is rising rapidly and will continue to do so in the coming decades. US government projections are that by 2030 global energy consumption will grow over 50%, with 70% of that grow..

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor

Corrections In the February 2007 article "Optimize your hydrocracking operations," there was an error in Fig. 1. In the figure, the de-metalized oil (DMO) unit was misnamed as the coker. HP apologize..