November 2009


Special Report: Plant Safety and Environment

Avoid confusion when performing safety integrity levels
Cheddie, H., Cteris Consulting Inc.; Khalil, Y. A., Zakum Development Company

Here's how to differentiate safety instrumented fuction demand modes

Software tools are never a substitute for competency
Kozma, S., exida Canda Ltd.

Sound practice, experienced-based judgment and teamwork are still needed for safety engineering success

Prevent storage tank fires
Ritchie, R., SGS North America Inc.

Implementing these safety rules can reduce risk

Requirement engineering and management - Part 1 - safety critical elements identification
Salimi, F.-F., ADEPP Academy

Use these guidelines to determine the safety-critical elements and tasks

Bonus Report: Water Management

Update management of your cooling water systems

New 'fit-for-purpose' biocide program provides broad-spectrum biofilm control

Wastewater treatment: A refinery case study

This refiner used an in-house initiative to troubleshoot plant-wide process water problems

Engineering Case Histories

Case 53: Electrical faults can cause shaft and gear failures
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

This technique allows transient torques in geared units to be determined

Process Analyzers

Fine tune accuracy in analytic measurement - Part 2
Nordstrom, D., Waters, T., Swagelok Company

Follow these recommendations for correct analyzer calibration

Refining Developments

Hydrocracking solutions squeeze more ULSD from heavy ends

New processing alternatives enable upgrading vacuum residuals into higher-value products


HP Control: APC for min maintenance or max profit? - Part 2
Latour, P. R., Clifftent Inc.

While I have promoted proper control system performance indicators18–25 since 1964, like Dr. Y. Zak Friedman,1 I also am aware of some deeper problems with realizing its full commercial potential..

HP Reliability: Feedback from a pump person
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In early 2009, we responded to a reader's request for data; he wanted to use it in a site-wide benchmarking project for pumpf reliability. The reader was employed at a company location that encompasse..

HP Water Management: Are your decisions based on obtained data?
Huchler, L. A., MarTech Systems, Inc.

Let's talk about how operators and engineers make decisions over utility water systems. Take this short quiz; give your plant one point for each "true" answer and zero for each "false" answer: 1. T ..

HP Integration Strategies: Installing machine protection systems in hazardous areas
Chin, W., ARC Advisory Group

The plant asset management (PAM) market for production assets, which includes protection and prediction solutions, has spread from traditional turbomachinery to virtually every asset essential for eff..

HP Viewpoint: Forecast for process safety in the 21st century
Saraf, S., Exponent, Inc.

The 20th century was a time of great technological change. Such changes that have forever altered how we live and work. The 1970s brought the creation of the US Environmental Protection Agency and the..

HP Innovations

Sustainable hydrogen process announced The Linde Group is developing an innovative process for the sustainable hydrogen production from biogenic raw materials. Hydromotive GmbH, a subsidiary of The Li..

HP Construction: North America
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  BP recently announced that construction, equipment purchases and engineering related to an expansion of its refinery in Whiting, Indiana, is about one-third complete. Construction began in May ..

HP Construction: Central America
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  CB&I has a contract in excess of $100 million with Petroterminal de Panama, S.A. (PTP) to engineer, procure and construct the Phase 2 expansion of the Trans-Panama pipeline facilities. The work..

HP Construction: Europe
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  CB&I has a contract valued in excess of $60 million by Royal Dutch Shell for the engineering, procurement and construction of a diesel hydrotreater at the Pernis refinery in Rotterdam, The Neth..

HP Construction: Middle East
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Jacobs Engineering Group Inc. has a contract with Abu Dhabi Polymers Co. (Borouge) to develop front-end engineering and design (FEED) for a section of the "Borouge 3" project, a grassroots poly..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Gujarat State Fertilizers & Chemicals (GSFC) has given Burckhardt Compression an order for a compressor that will be used for oxygen compression in its methanol plant in Baroda, Gujarat, India...

HP Construction: Construction
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  In the section of the October issue detailing HPI Construction Boxscore updates (page 29), the engineering company for Staatsolie's refinery expansion project in Suriname was incorrectly identi..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The potential for natural gas The president of BP shared his outlook on the role of gas in the future of energy during a speech at the World Gas Co..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Methanol industry rides out economic difficulties
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The global MeOH market has more capacity than demand, according to remarks made by Jim Jordan at the 2009 Methanol Forum in Houston, Texas. A gap exists between global supply and demand and a number o..

HP Impact: HPImpact: How misguided policies interfere with global market and future supplies
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Rice University convened its 12th annual global engineering and construction forum in mid-September. One of the featured speakers was Dr. Michael Economides, a professor of chemical and bimolecular en..

HP Associations: Refiners take stock of the new reality, looking within and without the HPI
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff



Ozone destruction major cause of warming! - Part 2

Robert A. Ashworth, Guest Columnist    Comments? Write: Warming of the stratosphere is caused by the reaction of ultra..