February 2010

Special Report: Clean Fuels

Catalytic technology: Options for better hydrogen production

It is not just steam and feed costs that determine processing methods for hydrogen generation

Hydrogen is and will be one of the most critical utilities within crude oil refineries. This is not just because of the increasing demand of hydrogen for various well-known reasons. Going deeper into the barrel means an ever-increasing demand for hydrogen. The same is true for more heavy and more sour crude oils. As new hydrogen plants must accommodate less equipment to lower capital investment, the design gets tighter and the safety margins in the design are less (Fig. 1). At the same time, longer turnaround schedules and higher production rates are required.    Fig. 1   

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