Safety

Inspection: External visual inspection remains vital

Anwer, A., Contributing Editor

Innovations continue to evolve at a steady pace.

Engineering Case Histories: Case 105—Temperature distribution along a flare line

Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

During an engineer’s career, many interesting questions come up that may not have a ready or good answer.

Africa: Civil unrest dampens South Sudan’s refining aspirations

Oirere, S., Contributing Editor

South Sudan has one of the largest proven oil reserves in sub-Saharan Africa.

Refining: Extend the life of storage tanks with a novel single-coat epoxy coating

Toews, B., Sherwin-Williams

In the oil and gas industry, time is money.

Editorial Comment: The materials that advance modern life

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Refineries and petrochemical plants contain some of the harshest environments on the planet.

Causes interact in industrial accidents and life

Grisi-Frisbie, J., Sinergia International

Before discussing failure causes, it is helpful to understand why the idea of process safety management (PSM) has taken hold in the past few decades.

Hazardous area classification compliance: Focus on communication

Johnston, J. E., Eccleston, C. A., Bath Process Safety Management

On November 30, 2013, an explosion and fire occurred at the UCB Farchim SA site in Switzerland. Fortunately, no injuries or fatalities occurred.

EPC/construction contracting—Start with the end in mind

Ogunye, S., Praxair; Rentschler, C., Engineering Consultant

Large capital projects continue to be challenged by budget issues.

Welded plate heat exchangers cut refinery process costs—Part 1

Plate and frame (P&F) heat exchangers were first manufactured 100 yr ago for use in the dairy industry.

Fabrication of clad equipment and piping—Part 1

Panchal, A., Reliance Industries Ltd.; Carmona, R. K., Daru, K., Desai, J., Irfan, M., Shargay, C., Fluor

For pressure vessels, heat exchangers and piping in corrosive services, the materials in contact with the process are often required to be high alloys to provide a reliable service life.